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This study seeks to determine, using special sleep tests (polysomnography and actigraphy) if guanfacine extended release is able to improve nighttime sleep in children with ADHD - associated insomnia while improving daytime ADHD symptoms. Male and female children with diagnosed or suspected ADHD with sleep problems (difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, or less than expected hours of sleep) will be recruited. After obtaining informed consent and assent (when appropriate) and after discontinuation of excluded medications, children will have evaluations of his or her sleep and evaluations confirming the ADHD diagnosis. Children who successfully pass screening will be enrolled into the double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized investigation with 50% of participants receiving guanfacine extended release and 50% of participants receiving matching placebo. Using a flexible-dose optimization design based on ADHD symptom improvement and medication tolerability, the dose will be adjusted between 1 to 4 mg over the course of four weeks. At the end of medication adjustment (week 4 or 5), ADHD questionnaires, sleep questionnaires, and sleep tests will be repeated and analyzed. The medication will be weaned over the course of the following 3-10 days.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Guanfacine extended-release tablets, Placebo comparator
Children's Specialized Hospital
Children's Specialized Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:29-0400
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Tablets coated with material that delays release of the medication until after they leave the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.
A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.
A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of attention-deficit disorders in children and for narcolepsy. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.
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