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A Placebo- and Active Controlled Study of Preladenant in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Parkinson's Disease (Study P04938 AM2)

2014-08-27 03:12:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

When a patient with Parkinson disease (PD) is initially treated with L dopa or dopamine agonists, the symptoms of PD improve or disappear. After several years of taking L dopa or dopamine agonists, patients notice that their PD medications wear off sooner than when they first started taking them. This "wearing off" is characterized by the return of symptoms (ie, tremor, slowness, and rigidity) and may occur over the course of a few minutes to an hour. When a patient's PD symptoms have returned, the patient is said to be in the "off" state. When the patient takes another dose of medication, and his/her PD symptoms improve or resolve, the patient is said to be in the "on" state.

Antagonism of adenosine Type 2a receptors (A2a) may provide relief of Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms. This trial will test the hypothesis that A2a receptor antagonism can lead to improvement in the function of PD subjects, as measured by a reduction in "off" time.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Parkinson Disease

Intervention

Preladenant, Placebo, Rasagiline

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Schering-Plough

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.

A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)

A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.

Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)

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