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The Effects of Lovaza® in Acute Myocardial Infarction

2014-08-27 03:12:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will explore the safety and effectiveness of adding Lovaza® to the therapeutic program utilized internationally for the treatment of individuals with acute coronary syndromes.

Description

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the cause for over 19 million deaths in the US annually with coronary artery disease accounting for most of this mortality burden.1 Despite major advances in the treatment of coronary heart disease patients, a large number of victims of the disease who are apparently healthy die suddenly without prior symptoms. For those who arrive alive at an emergency department, a benefit is accrued from an orchestrated program of live-saving therapeutics designed to preserve ischemic or infarcted myocardium and prevent ventricular arrhythmias. However, despite improvements in door-to-balloon (angioplasty) times in the past decade, reductions in in-hospital mortality have not materialized.2 Average 30-day mortality from ST elevation MI has been shown to be approximately 7% despite the modern aggressive approach of utilizing acute pharmacologic and percutaneous interventions as well as a comprehensive approach to risk factor modification.3 Antiplatelet agents including aspirin, clopidogrel, heparin, and IIb/IIIa inhibitors represent stalwart components of the acute coronary syndrome therapeutic treatment program. At the same time, the safety of combination antiplatelet agents used acutely and chronically in individuals with an acute coronary syndrome is concerning as bleeding complications can result in serious, life-threatening consequences.4 Studies have shown that patients treated with the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel have a small but significant increased risk of major and minor bleeding compared to each agent alone.4-6 In contrast, the use of fish oil in conjunction with aspirin and clopidogrel in patients with cardiovascular disease followed for an average of 33 months has been shown to have no significant effect on risk of major and minor bleeding compared to those on aspirin and clopidogrel alone, with a trend toward a reduced risk of minor bleeding in those taking fish oil.4 In Preliminary Data it is shown that a robust synergistic effect between Lovaza® and aspirin on the downregulation of platelet function may occur. These data suggest that the most potent omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil (eicosapentaenoic acid {EPA} and docosahexaenoic acid {DHA}) act acutely to modulate a major contributor to the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes. This study will randomize 60 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction to treatment with Lovaza® or placebo and measure the differences in platelet function and electrophysiologic parameters between treatment arms during their acute hospitalization and 1 week after discharge.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Intervention

Lovaza®, Corn Oil

Location

University or Rochester
Rochester
New York
United States
14642

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Rochester

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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