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The Effect of Patient Education and Rehabilitation on Quality of Life in Patients With Permanent Stomas

2014-07-23 21:08:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the experiment is to study the effect it has on patients' quality of life if they go through a structured process marked by intensified and specialized effort by ostomy nurse. This includes close monitoring during hospitalization, telephone contact and guidance following discharge and participation in a group based patient school up to 4 months after discharge .

At the same time the study also examines what the economic effect of following the intervention will have.

Description

Construction of an ostomy is a radical treatment with permanent physical signs of body alteration. I leads to loss of a central and very personal bodily function (excretion of faeces through the rectum) and there is a significant change in personal hygiene.

Having a colostomy is not a uniform state but is characterized by many different factors: Several types of ostomy, several underlying causes that lead to stoma creation such as cancer, several individual psychosocial profile, which naturally affect individuals differently. Patients are forced to living with a changed body image, a change in daily routines, and for some there will also be changes in lifestyle, social standing and their sexuality will be affected. At the same time patients experience a break when they are discharged from the hospital, and they may lack the practical and emotional support.

The training and education of patients is increasingly being carried out by stoma nurses both in Denmark and internationally. The primary role is to inform and prepare patients before surgery and to keep the contact with patients after surgery to ensure the fulfillment of the patient´s independent and meaningful life after ostomy construction. It is assumed that ostomy nurse's intervention and involvement are important for the patient's quality of life, but there are no studies that uniquely identifies the type of education that has the greatest effect, which applies both to content and methods.

Quality of life measurement in health care is a merging method to ensure the patient´s perspective on health treatments.It is greatly needed to test the efficacy of nursing interventions on patients' quality of life. Pressure on health services increase which makes it imperative also to include analysis and calculation of economic effect of the intervention.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Health-Related Quality of Life

Intervention

Patient education and rehabilitation

Location

Herlev University Hospital
Herlev
Denmark
2730

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Herlev Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.

The diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style. (American Nurses Association & Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. Standards of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice, 1986, p.2)

The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.

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A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)

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