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Study Design This is a pilot study to determine the safety and feasibility of lentivirus-transduced T cell immunotherapy in patients who have failed highly active anti-retrovirus therapy (HAART) as defined by HIV levels or by intolerance to drug therapy. The lentivirus vector induces 3 forms of anti-HIV RNA: RNAi in the form of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeted to an exon in HIV-1 tat/rev (shI), a decoy for HIV TAT-activated RNA (TAR), and a ribozyme that targets the host T cell CCR5 cytokine receptor (CCR5RZ). The vector is called rHIV7-shI-TAR-CCR5RZ and will be used in the transduction and expansion of autologous CD4-enriched T cells. Doses of 1 x 109 T cells will be given at 0, +6, and +12 weeks to the first cohort of 3 subjects. Following completion of this cohort, if no serious adverse events have occurred within 3 weeks of the last infusion, then the next cohort will receive 10 x 109 T cells at 0, +6, and +12 weeks using the same 8 week spacing between subjects.
The primary endpoints of this pilot study are patient safety and study feasibility. Safety will be determined by clinical and laboratory observation and grading of adverse events, analysis of T cell repertoire clonality, and evaluation of HIV isolates for evidence of vector recombination. Feasibility will be determined by the ability to obtain suitable numbers of expanded T cells and expression of the RNA transgenes in these cells. The secondary endpoints are the duration of T cell circulation in blood post-infusion and the effect of the T cell infusion on CD4 count and on HIV load. Conventional CD4 counts and HIV RNA levels in blood will be determined at follow-up intervals.
Subject Eligibility and Number. Subjects must be HIV-1 infected adults ≥18 and ≤60 years of age who have been on HAART therapy for at least one year and have evidence of virologic failure defined by >5000 HIV RNA genome copies (gc) per mL in blood. Subjects must have a CD4 count of at least 200 CD4+ T cells/mL. This pilot study is expected to accrue five evaluable patients.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label
pHIV7-shI-TAR-CCR5RZ treated CD4 cells
Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope
City of Hope Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:00:50-0400
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