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Quantifying Physical and Biochemical Factors That Contribute to Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation

2014-08-27 03:12:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Primary graft dysfunction (PGD or lung reperfusion edema) complicates 10 to 20% of lung transplantations and leads to severe early and late postoperative complications. Its pathophysiology remains unclear but may involve graft ischemia-reperfusion, increased vascular permeability, pneumocyte dysfunction and finally alveolar flooding that impair gas exchange and blood oxygenation.Its substrate, namely extravascular lung water (EVLW), can now be clinically measured with minimally invasive Intensive Care Unit monitors (PiCCO2®, Pulsion Medical Systems) that also provides a physical estimate of pulmonary vascular permeability (PVPI). Similarly, biochemical correlates of vascular permeability (ICAM-1) and pneumocyte dysfunction (RAGE) can now be measured in plasma samples. Our study aims at quantifying physical and biochemical markers of PGD and assess their diagnosis and prognosis values.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Primary Graft Dysfunction

Location

Service d'Anesthésie-Réanimations chirurgicales - Nouvel Hôpital Civil - Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg
Strasbourg
France
67091

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Strasbourg, France

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:37-0400

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Identifying Genetic Characteristics That Increase the Risk of Developing Primary Graft Dysfunction Following Lung Transplantation

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PubMed Articles [9911 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Primary graft dysfunction in heart transplantation.

Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is common early postheart transplantation; however, use of standardized definitions remains inconsistent. This review focuses on understanding the incidence, classifica...

Arterial Lactate Concentration at the End of Liver Transplantation is an Early Predictor of Primary Graft Dysfunction.

Although many prognostic factors of primary graft dysfunction after liver transplantation (LT) are available, it remains difficult to predict failure in a given recipient.

Inflammation and primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation: CT-PET findings.

The leading cause of early mortality after lung transplantation is Primary Graft Dysfunction (PGD). We assessed the lung inflammation, inflation status and inhomogeneities after lung transplantation. ...

ISHLT Primary Graft Dysfunction incidence, risk factors and outcome: a UK National Study.

Heart transplantation (HTx) remains the most effective long-term treatment for advanced heart failure. Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) continues to be a potentially life-threatening early complication...

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Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a devastating complication and the most common cause of early death following a heart transplant. The goal of this study was to report our experience of using mechan...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of ischemia-reperfusion injury occurring in the early period following transplantation. Significant pathophysiological changes in MITOCHONDRIA are the main cause of the dysfunction. It is most often seen in the transplanted lung, liver, or kidney and can lead to GRAFT REJECTION.

General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

The immune responses of a host to a graft. A specific response is GRAFT REJECTION.

An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.

The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.

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