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Postoperative vitreous hemorrhage is a common complication after vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. There have been efforts to lower the incidence of postoperative vitreous hemorrhage such as preoperative bevacizumab injection. Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and has been shown to decrease retinal and iris neovascularization in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Recently there have been reports showing that preoperative bevacizumab injection could reduce intraoperative bleeding from abnormal vessels and could make surgery easier and more successful. Our hypothesis is that intraoperative bevacizumab injection could reduce postoperative vitreous hemorrhage by inhibiting the vessel formation after surgery.
We started the prospective randomized comparative study to determine the effect of pre and intra-operative bevacizumab injection on postoperative vitreous hemorrhage after diabetic vitrectomy in comparison to vitrectomy without any adjuvant drug.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
bevacizumab injection, bevacizumab injection
Hospital das Clínicas de Ribeirão Preto - University of São Paulo
University of Sao Paulo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:37-0400
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Adverse reactions that occur initially at the site of injection or infusion. Milder type is confined to a local allergic flare reaction. A more severe reaction is caused by extravasation of VESICANTS from the blood vessel at the site of injection and can cause damage to the surrounding tissue. In tumor flare reaction symptoms involve well beyond the injection site such as an increase in the tumor size and tumor markers levels, bone pain, and HYPERCALCEMIA.
An anti-VEGF recombinant monoclonal antibody consisting of humanized murine antibody. It inhibits VEGF receptors and prevents the proliferation of blood vessels.
Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.
Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.
The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.
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