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Acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure (AHRF) refers to pathological states in which arterial blood oxygenation is severely impaired，and which need invasive positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) as respiratory support technique in most cases.However，IPPV carries well-known risks of complications such as ventilator induced lung injury (VILI) or ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP)，and the incidence of which is increased as the prolongation of IPPV so as to lead to higher mortality rate. Consequently，early extubation is extraordinarily necessary.
More recently, NPPV has shown to shorten the duration of IPPV，reduce the mortality and morbidity rates in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite this evidence, the efficacy of NPPV in patients with AHRF has not been evidenced. However，NPPV has been shown to provide adequate ventilation and oxygenation，and reduce inspiratory muscle effort，neuromuscular drive，and dyspnea scores. Moreover，to some patints，NPPV is similar with IPPV in providing oxygenation.
The duration of weaning is from the first day a patient met standard criteria for weaning readiness to the time of successful extubation (lasting at least 48 h)，which represents 40-50% of the total duration of IPPV.As a result，duration of IPPV would be shortened if that of weaning was shortened.
The investigators hypothesized that in mechanical ventilated patients with AHRF who met standard criteria for weaning readiness and suffer failure of spontaneous breathing trial, use of NPPV for early extubation, providing adequate ventilation and oxygenation, would shorten the duration of IPPV as the primary end-point variable, thereby reduce the incidence of complication and mortality rates. Accordingly, the investigators conducted a prospective，randomized clinical trial to assess the efficacy of this strategy compared with the conventional-weaning approach.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure
noninvasive positive pressure ventilation
Beijing Chao Yang Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Beijing Chao Yang Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:37-0400
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