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- There is no data at present concerning the KRAS mutation in patients from Martinique with colorectal cancer. Despite the fact that the incidence of this disease continues to increase there is no recent data to confirm it. This study has a descriptive purpose, allowing a comparison of the population from Martinique to other populations.
- A study of incidence of colorectal cancer, overseen by the Association from Martinique for the Epidemiological Search on Cancer (AMREC), also leads to a better knowledge of the local characteristics of the colorectal cancer.
- These two descriptive characteristics of colorectal cancer in Martinique will be useful data for the health professionals to provide their patients better care.
- The colorectal carcinogenesis is complex. It influences among others, the EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor) which activation leads to tumoral proliferation, differentiation and invasion. The binding of the EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor) or of another ligand to the EGFR is responsible for the activation of the Ras- Raf and Pi3k pathways.
- The mutation of the genes KRAS, BRAF or PIK3CA results in their continuous activation, independently of the activation or of the pharmacological blocking of EGFR. The most frequently found mutation affects the KRAS gene (20 to 50 % of the cases). 90 % of these mutations are situated on codons 12 and 13 of this gene (70 % codon 12 and 30 % codon 13). These mutations are responsible for a decrease of the GTPase activity of the ras protein, which stays then in active conformation bound to the GTP. This leads to the blocking of the pathway and to the inactivity of the pharmacological blocking of EGFR.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Laboratoire de Virologie - CHU de Fort de France
Fort de France
Not yet recruiting
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Fort-de-France
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:38-0400
Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) vs Standard Therapy in Participants With Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) or Mismatch Repair Deficient (dMMR) Stage IV Colorectal Carcinoma (MK-3475-177/KEYNOTE-177)
In this study, participants with MSI-H or dMMR advanced colorectal carcinoma will be randomly assigned to receive either pembrolizumab or the Investigator's choice of 1 of 6 standard of ca...
The aim of the investigators' randomized trial is to compare the short-term clinical outcome and survival between laparoscopic-assisted and open resection of colorectal carcinoma.
The purpose of this pilot safety study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of JX-594 (Pexa-Vec) administered intravenously every 2 weeks in colorectal carcinoma patients who are ref...
The primary objective of this study is to compare the activity of raltitrexed and ZD1839 versus raltitrexed alone as second line chemotherapy in subjects with colorectal carcinoma by estim...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Hyperthermic Intra-peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) with Mitomycin C used during surgery for treatment of locally advanced colorectal carci...
Colorectal carcinoma development progresses through a sequence of normal mucosa-polyp-carcinoma. Early detection of premalignancy is crucial for improved outcomes. We evaluated the diagnostic performa...
Colorectal carcinoma is the third most common cancer worldwide. Approximately 20% of patients with colorectal cancer will have metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis, and approximately 30...
Lynch syndrome is the most common form of hereditary colorectal carcinoma. However, establishing the diagnosis of Lynch syndrome is challenging, and ancillary studies that distinguish between sporadic...
Serological tumor markers are routinely used to monitor tumor onset and progression. In colorectal carcinoma (CRC), the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is roughly elevated in 50% of patients at initial...
Signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a very rare subtype of colorectal adenocarcinoma (COAD) with a poor clinical prognosis. Although understanding key mechanisms of tumor progression in SRCCs is crit...
Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.
Human COLORECTAL CARCINOMA cell line.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
A condition in which abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct, lobule, or nipple to other tissues of the breast. There are 3 types of breast carcinoma in situ: DUCTAL CARCINOMA IN SITU; LOBULAR CARCINOMA IN SITU; and PAGET DISEASE OF THE NIPPLE
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...