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Feasibility of High Frequency QRS Analysis in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction

2014-07-24 14:00:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The primary objective of this study is to characterize the morphological patterns of high frequency QRS components (HFQRS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), including STEMI and NSTEMI, compared to patients without AMI.

Description

Chest pain is one of the leading reasons of hospital emergency department (ED) visits worldwide. In the US, approximately 6 million people annually undergo evaluation in the ED for acute chest pain. Despite the wealth of knowledge available about acute coronary syndrome (ACS), this condition continues to be among the most difficult to predict or diagnose. Misdiagnoses may lead to discharge of patients with ACS, who should have been admitted as well as costly unnecessary hospitalizations of patients who do not have ACS.

More than 2/3 of the patients with ACS have unstable angina (UA) or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Conventional ECG has low sensitivity of less than 50% in diagnosing these conditions. As the initial ECG in the ED is often non-diagnostic in ACS patients, the diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during its early stages may also be difficult.

Analysis of high-frequency QRS components (HFQRS), which quantifies changes in the depolarization phase of the cardiac cycle, has been previously reported to be a sensitive method for detection of demand ischemia. Preliminary studies have shown that HFQRS-derived indices can also identify supply ischemia caused by prolonged balloon occlusion, and transient ischemic episodes in patients with chest pain.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Location

Soroka University Medical Center
Beer Sheva
Israel
84101

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

BSP Biological Signal Processing Ltd.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:00:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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