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Young, overweight/obese women with PCOS along with age and BMI-matched healthy controls without PCOS will be enrolled in this study. Participants will have assessments of body composition (by DEXA), visceral and ectopic fat (by MR), ovarian parameters (follicle size and number, by MRI) insulin sensitivity (by euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp), interstitial lipolysis (by microdialysis), whole body lipolysis and glycolysis (by stable isotopes), aerobic fitness (by VO2max test) and a fat biopsy performed across two clinic visits (1 outpatient visit, and 1 overnight stay). Participants in the control group will undergo these assessments once only, whereas participants in the PCOS Group will have these assessments twice, once at baseline and once following a 16 week supervised aerobic exercise program. Throughout the exercise program body weight will be measured weekly and menstrual cycle frequency will be documented on a calendar. Additionally, vital signs, weight, waist and hip circumferences will be measured and a fasting blood sample collected every 4 weeks.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
16-week exercise training program, Control Group without PCOS
Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:41-0400
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A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.
Alternating sets of exercise that work out different muscle groups and that also alternate between aerobic and anaerobic exercises, which, when combined together, offer an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance, or functioning.
A cardiovascular exercise strategy with alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
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