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The purpose of this study is to determine whether taking losartan helps people with hypertrophic nonobstructive cardiomyopathy feel better by decreasing the amount of heart muscle thickening and/or the amount of heart muscle scarring.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by idiopathic cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, ischemia even in the absence of epicardial coronary artery disease, and arrhythmias. The pathological features of HCM include hypertrophy and disarray, interstitial fibrosis, and increased arteriolar wall thickness. Hypertrophy and fibrosis are major determinants of morbidity and mortality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Some investigators have demonstrated that interstitial fibrosis and hypertrophy occur secondarily, in response to trophic and mitotic factors in the heart. Therefore, blocking trophic factors may attenuate or potentially reverse hypertrophy and fibrosis in HCM.
Angiotensin II has trophic and profibrotic effects on the heart, and blockade of angiotensin II type I receptors has been shown to attenuate myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis in acquired cardiac disease in humans and animal models.
We hypothesize that treatment with the selective angiotensin II type receptor antagonist, losartan, will decrease both hypertrophy and fibrosis, improve diastolic function, reduce symptoms, and improve functional status in patients with HCM.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Massachusetts General Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:42-0400
The human heart is divided into four chambers. One of the four chambers, the left ventricle, is the chamber mainly responsible for pumping blood out of the heart into circulation. Hypert...
The investigators are trying to find out how common sleep apnea is in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study is to see if sleep apnea is common in hypertrophic cardiomyopat...
Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are being compared to a control group. IMR will be assessed with a pressure wire. Clinical f/u at 3 months and 6 months and a 48 hour holter monit...
Study evaluate the relationships between daily physical activity levels (PAL) and functional capacity (VO2peak) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
This study evaluates mechanisms of arrhythmogenicity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in comparison to patients with well-understood arrhythmogenic substrate (ischemic cardiomyopathy), as w...
Sarcomere cardiomyopathies are genetic diseases that perturb contractile function and lead to hypertrophic or dilated myocardial remodeling. Identification of preclinical mutation carriers has yielded...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in about 20%-25% of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and is associated with increased risk of cardioembolism and heart failure impacting on patients' morbidity...
Apical aneurysms are outpouchings of the left ventricular apex that are relatively common in patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with midventricular obstruc...
Myocardial fibrosis has proved to be an important marker and determinant in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy . In particular, scar formation, if substantial, can promote ventricular tac...
Sex differences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remain unclear. We sought to characterize sex differences in a large HCM referral centre population.
An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Isoforms of MYOSIN TYPE II, specifically found in the ventricular muscle of the HEART. Defects in the genes encoding ventricular myosins result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...