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Study of Antiepileptic Drug in Generalised Convulsive Status Epileptics

2014-07-23 21:08:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Compare the efficiency of the association, first line, the intravenous levetiracetam and the intravenous clonazepam, in that of a monotherapy of clonazepam intravenous in the pre-hospital treatment of tonicoclonic generalised status epileptics.

Description

At this time, the prehospital treatment of the epileptics status use some molecule ("FOSPHENYLOINE") with large contra-indications. In this case the physician is not able to know the past medical history of the patient, the biological examinations and so he can not decide which molecules he can use.

The levetiracetam is a knowledge medication in the epilepsy since more than twenty years. One of specificity of the levetiracetam is to be able to be used in all situations (no clinical or biological contre-indication). This molecule seems like to be very interesting to be used in prehospital system.

The goal of this study is to evaluate the association levetiracetam / clonazepam in first line in the prehospital treatment of the epileptics status.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Generalised Tonic-clonic Status Epileptics

Intervention

Levetiracetam/Clonazepam, Clonazepam/Placebo levetiracetam IV

Location

Necker Hospital
Paris
France
75015

Status

Recruiting

Source

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:41-0400

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Monotherapy With Levetiracetam in Patients Suffering From Epilepsy.

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PubMed Articles [1051 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of clonazepam and levetiracetam in children for prevention of busulfan-induced seizure in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Antiseizure prophylaxis is required during busulfan administration for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, antiseizure agents such as benzodiazepines and phenytoin may produce adverse ef...

Levetiracetam in genetic generalized epilepsy: A prospective unblinded active-controlled trial.

To compare the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) versus valproate (VPA) monotherapy in adults with genetic generalized tonic-clonic seizures alone (GTCS) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy...

GABAergic modulation of Secondary hyperalgesia: A randomized controlled 4-way crossover trial with the α2-subunit preferring GABA positive allosteric modulator, N-Desmethyl-Clobazam in healthy volunteers.

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To examine neurocognitive functioning of children exposed prenatally to carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam or valproate monotherapy.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An anticonvulsant used for several types of seizures, including myotonic or atonic seizures, photosensitive epilepsy, and absence seizures, although tolerance may develop. It is seldom effective in generalized tonic-clonic or partial seizures. The mechanism of action appears to involve the enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptor responses.

An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias.

A generalized seizure disorder characterized by recurrent major motor seizures. The initial brief tonic phase is marked by trunk flexion followed by diffuse extension of the trunk and extremities. The clonic phase features rhythmic flexor contractions of the trunk and limbs, pupillary dilation, elevations of blood pressure and pulse, urinary incontinence, and tongue biting. This is followed by a profound state of depressed consciousness (post-ictal state) which gradually improves over minutes to hours. The disorder may be cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (caused by an identified disease process). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p329)

Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.

Substances that act in the brain stem or spinal cord to produce tonic or clonic convulsions, often by removing normal inhibitory tone. They were formerly used to stimulate respiration or as antidotes to barbiturate overdose. They are now most commonly used as experimental tools.

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