Advertisement

Topics

Resilient Occlusal and Patients With Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

2014-07-23 21:08:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of soft occlusal splint therapy on the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles (ateriors temporalis and masseter) before and after the application of a muscle relaxation splint. Electromyography recordings from the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles were analyzed quantitatively during maximal clench, rest and mastication usual, before and after the treatment without a splint. Ten patients whose chief complaint was Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) were selected for the study. After the initial evaluations soft occlusal splints (muscle relaxation splints) were applied, and the patients were instructed to use the splints for four weeks. Surface electromyographic recordings were taken from each patient, as clinical evaluations of TMD (Index of Helkimo), both evaluations before the beginning of clinical therapy and after four weeks of wearing splints. The data obtained were analyzed by Wilcoxon´s and Friedman´s tests.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Temporomandibular Disorders

Intervention

resilient occlusal splints

Location

Germana De Villa camargos
Uberlandia
Minas Gerais
Brazil
39400-082

Status

Completed

Source

Universidade Federal de Uberlandia

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:42-0400

Clinical Trials [374 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Individuals With Temporomandibular Disorder Who Make Use of Occlusal Splints

This study aim to contribute with the investigation of the therapeutic effect of osteopathic manipulative tratament in pain intensity and Quality of Life in individuas diagnosed with tempo...

The Influence of a Stabilization Splint on the Body Posture

The study was designed to investigate a possible influence of an occlusal stabilization splint on the body posture in TMD cases and controls. Interocclusal appliances or occlusal splints a...

Occlusal Adjustment as Treatment for Chronic Orofacial Pain

The purpose of this study is to determine whether occlusal adjustment by selective grinding and/or occlusal addition is an effective treatment of chronic temporomandibular joint disorders.

The Efficiency of Anterior Repositioning Splint for the Management of Pain Related to Temporomandibular Joint Disc Displacement With Reduction

Intra-articular temporomandibular disorders are often related to pain in the area of temporomandibular joint, ear and temple. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency of ante...

Photobiomodulation in Temporomandibular Disorder

The general purpose of this project is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of LIL treatment and occlusal plates in the treatment of pain in patients between 15 and 25 years of age with TMD.

PubMed Articles [5707 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluation of occlusion types, pain severity, and onset of complaints in 127 patients with temporomandibular disorders: A retrospective study.

The aims of this study are to evaluate if occlusal types affect the type of temporomandibular disorders and if the onset of complaints are related to the type of internal derangements.

Anxiety and malocclusion are associated with Temporomandibular disorders in adolescents diagnosed by RDC/TMD. A cross sectional study.

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is a multifactorial condition, which could be associated to occlusal and psychological factors, such as anxiety OBJECTIVE: Investigate if anxiety and malocclusion are...

Effect of Shortened Dental Arch on Temporomandibular Joint Intra-articular Disorders.

To investigate whether a shortened dental arch (SDA), as identified by reduced posterior occlusal contacts, is a risk factor for the progression of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) intra-articular disord...

Classifications of temporomandibular disorders and patients' examination protocols - comparative analysis by the convenience of their daily use in clinical practice.

Introduction:The problem of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is relevant in today's world and is considered one of the most common pathologies causing nonodontogenic pain syndromes of maxillofacial r...

Dental treatment as perceived etiology of temporomandibular disorders.

To characterize patients who believe their temporomandibular disorders (TMD) symptoms are caused by their prior dental treatment.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.

Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)

Diseases or disorders of the muscles of the head and neck, with special reference to the masticatory muscles. The most notable examples are TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS and TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.

A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)

More From BioPortfolio on "Resilient Occlusal and Patients With Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Rheumatology
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...


Searches Linking to this Trial