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Resilient Occlusal and Patients With Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

2014-07-23 21:08:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of soft occlusal splint therapy on the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles (ateriors temporalis and masseter) before and after the application of a muscle relaxation splint. Electromyography recordings from the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles were analyzed quantitatively during maximal clench, rest and mastication usual, before and after the treatment without a splint. Ten patients whose chief complaint was Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) were selected for the study. After the initial evaluations soft occlusal splints (muscle relaxation splints) were applied, and the patients were instructed to use the splints for four weeks. Surface electromyographic recordings were taken from each patient, as clinical evaluations of TMD (Index of Helkimo), both evaluations before the beginning of clinical therapy and after four weeks of wearing splints. The data obtained were analyzed by Wilcoxon´s and Friedman´s tests.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Temporomandibular Disorders

Intervention

resilient occlusal splints

Location

Germana De Villa camargos
Uberlandia
Minas Gerais
Brazil
39400-082

Status

Completed

Source

Universidade Federal de Uberlandia

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:42-0400

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The Efficiency of Anterior Repositioning Splint for the Management of Pain Related to Temporomandibular Joint Disc Displacement With Reduction

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Photobiomodulation in Temporomandibular Disorder

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PubMed Articles [5588 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Occlusal Splints on the Stress Distribution on the Temporomandibular Joint Disc.

Conservative approach, including occlusal splint therapy, is the first option to treat temporomandibular disorders (TMD), because of its reversibility. The present study analyzed the effect of the art...

Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders discovered incidentally during routine dental examination using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders.

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) discovered incidentally during routine dental examination, identify disease patterns, and evaluate patients' at...

Association between temporomandibular disorders, chronic diseases, and ophthalmologic and otolaryngologic disorders in Korean adults: A cross-sectional study.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are common musculoskeletal conditions in the maxillofacial area. Although strong relationships between TMDs and other pain and diseases exist, few studies have compr...

Phantom bite: a real or a phantom diagnosis? A case report.

This case report describes computer-guided occlusal therapy in a patient who met the unified diagnostic criteria for phantom bite. After a review of the patient's medical history, along with a diagnos...

Effect of Surgery First Orthognathic Approach on the Temporomandibular Joint: A Clinical Evaluation.

Correction of severe malocclusions with skeletal discrepancies requires orthodontic treatment in combination with orthognathic surgery. Even though conventional orthognathic surgery (COS) is a common ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.

Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)

Diseases or disorders of the muscles of the head and neck, with special reference to the masticatory muscles. The most notable examples are TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS and TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.

A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)

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