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The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of soft occlusal splint therapy on the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles (ateriors temporalis and masseter) before and after the application of a muscle relaxation splint. Electromyography recordings from the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles were analyzed quantitatively during maximal clench, rest and mastication usual, before and after the treatment without a splint. Ten patients whose chief complaint was Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) were selected for the study. After the initial evaluations soft occlusal splints (muscle relaxation splints) were applied, and the patients were instructed to use the splints for four weeks. Surface electromyographic recordings were taken from each patient, as clinical evaluations of TMD (Index of Helkimo), both evaluations before the beginning of clinical therapy and after four weeks of wearing splints. The data obtained were analyzed by Wilcoxon´s and Friedman´s tests.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
resilient occlusal splints
Germana De Villa camargos
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:42-0400
This study aim to contribute with the investigation of the therapeutic effect of osteopathic manipulative tratament in pain intensity and Quality of Life in individuas diagnosed with tempo...
The study was designed to investigate a possible influence of an occlusal stabilization splint on the body posture in TMD cases and controls. Interocclusal appliances or occlusal splints a...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether occlusal adjustment by selective grinding and/or occlusal addition is an effective treatment of chronic temporomandibular joint disorders.
Intra-articular temporomandibular disorders are often related to pain in the area of temporomandibular joint, ear and temple. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency of ante...
The general purpose of this project is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of LIL treatment and occlusal plates in the treatment of pain in patients between 15 and 25 years of age with TMD.
Conservative approach, including occlusal splint therapy, is the first option to treat temporomandibular disorders (TMD), because of its reversibility. The present study analyzed the effect of the art...
Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is a multifactorial condition, which could be associated to occlusal and psychological factors, such as anxiety OBJECTIVE: Investigate if anxiety and malocclusion are...
Introduction:The problem of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is relevant in today's world and is considered one of the most common pathologies causing nonodontogenic pain syndromes of maxillofacial r...
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) discovered incidentally during routine dental examination, identify disease patterns, and evaluate patients' at...
Introduction: The main causes of dysfunctional conditions of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), are occlusal, neurogenic, orthodontic disorders. The muscular component of TMJ is determines the dynami...
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Diseases or disorders of the muscles of the head and neck, with special reference to the masticatory muscles. The most notable examples are TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS and TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...