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Drug Biomarkers in Cell Samples From Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

2014-08-27 03:12:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Studying cell samples from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer

PURPOSE: This research study is studying drug biomarkers in cell samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- To determine, in vitro, the cytotoxic activity of novel CD33- targeting immunoconjugate agents in cell samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

- To define the characteristics of AML cells responding or resisting these agents.

OUTLINE: Cell samples are thawed and used for in vitro studies to determine the cytotoxic activity of novel CD33-targeting immunoconjugate agents, including gemtuzumab ozogamicin, and for genotyping characterization by flow cytometry-based assays and/or western blot, and colony-forming cell assays.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Leukemia

Intervention

western blotting, flow cytometry, laboratory biomarker analysis

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A method that is used to detect DNA-protein interactions. Proteins are separated by electrophoresis and blotted onto a nitrocellulose membrane similar to Western blotting (BLOTTING, WESTERN) but the proteins are identified when they bind labeled DNA PROBES (as with Southern blotting (BLOTTING, SOUTHERN)) instead of antibodies.

A method that is derived from western blotting (BLOTTING, WESTERN) and is used to detect protein-protein interactions. The blotted proteins are probed with a non-antibody protein which can then be tagged with a labeled antibody.

A technique encompassing morphometry, densitometry, neural networks, and expert systems that has numerous clinical and research applications and is particularly useful in anatomic pathology for the study of malignant lesions. The most common current application of image cytometry is for DNA analysis, followed by quantitation of immunohistochemical staining.

Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.

The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.

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