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One purpose of this study is to determine if taking droxidopa after eating will have an effect on how the body processes (absorbs and eliminates) the drug in healthy elderly subjects. Another purpose of this study is to see how the body processes (absorbs and eliminates) one 300mg capsule compared to three 100mg capsules. This study will also evaluate how well the body processes (absorbs and eliminates) and tolerates droxidopa when a 300 mg capsule is given 3 times a day for a total dose of 900 mg over the course of one day.
Droxidopa is used to treat low blood pressure upon standing in patients with diseases of the nervous system, to prevent low blood pressure in patients with kidney disease during hemodialysis (removal of waste products of the blood), and to treat frozen gait (walking, stepping or running) and dizziness upon standing in patients with Parkinson's disease.
This is a two-part study. Part I is a randomized, open-label, three-period crossover study in 24 healthy, elderly, male or female subjects. Subjects will be allocated to one of three treatment sequences according to a randomization schedule prepared prior to the start of the study. Each subject will receive a single, oral dose of three 100 mg capsules of droxidopa with 240 mL of water either in the fasted state (Treatment A) or immediately following the consumption of a standardized high-fat meal (Treatment B) and a single, oral dose of one 300 mg capsule of droxidopa with 240 mL of water in the fasted state (Treatment C) on Days 1, 4, and 7. Subjects will be discharged from the research clinic on Day 8 after completing all posttreatment follow-up assessments and will return to the research clinic approximately 1 week later for Part II of the study. Part II of the study is an open-label design where all subjects will receive three doses of 300 mg droxidopa (three 100 mg capsules/dose) at 4 hour intervals and will be followed for a concurrent 24 h period.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Symptomatic Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension
Droxidopa, Droxidopa, Droxidopa
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:43-0400
The purpose of this study is to see whether droxidopa is effective in treating symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients with Primary Autonomic Failure (Pure Autonomic Fai...
The purpose of this study is to see whether the durability of effect of Droxidopa in treating symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients with Primary Autonomic Failure (Pur...
To evaluate the time to treatment intervention in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), Multiple System Atrophy (MSA), Pure Autonomic Failure (PAF), Non-Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy (ND...
Symptomatic NOH in patients with primary autonomic failure is thought to be a consequence of norepinephrine depletion leading to a diminished capacity to effect an appropriate cardiovascul...
In clinical trials in Japan, droxidopa has been shown to be effective in affecting blood pressure changes upon orthostatic challenge in patients with autonomic dysfunction, as well as redu...
Standing and Supine Blood Pressure Outcomes Associated With Droxidopa and Midodrine in Patients With Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension: A Bayesian Meta-analysis and Mixed Treatment Comparison of Randomized Trials.
The comparative effects of droxidopa and midodrine on standing systolic blood pressure (sSBP) and risk of supine hypertension in patients with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) are unknown.
Arterial hypotension is a frequently encountered phenomenon in clinical practice. It is responsible for multiple consultations and/or hospitalizations, mostly in elderly people. It is associated with ...
Orthostatic hypotension and symptomatic subclinical orthostatic hypotension increase risk of cognitive impairment: an integrated evidence review and analysis of a large older adult hypertensive cohort.
Systematically reviewing the literature found orthostatic hypotension (OH) to be associated with an increased risk of incident dementia but limited data were available in those at highest risk, the hy...
A precursor of noradrenaline that is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. The racemic form (DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine) has also been used, and has been investigated in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. There is a deficit of noradrenaline as well as of dopamine in Parkinson's disease and it has been proposed that this underlies the sudden transient freezing seen usually in advanced disease. Administration of DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine has been claimed to result in an improvement in this phenomenon but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate improvement. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
Symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or autonomic overaction which develop while the subject is standing, but are relieved on recumbency. Types of this include NEUROCARDIOGENIC SYNCOPE; POSTURAL ORTHOSTATIC TACHYCARDIA SYNDROME; and neurogenic ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. (From Noseworthy, JH., Neurological Therapeutics Principles and Practice, 2007, p2575-2576)
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
A syndrome of ORTHOSTATIC INTOLERANCE combined with excessive upright TACHYCARDIA, and usually without associated ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. All variants have in common an excessively reduced venous return to the heart (central HYPOVOLEMIA) while upright.
An autosomal disorder of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems limited to individuals of Ashkenazic Jewish descent. Clinical manifestations are present at birth and include diminished lacrimation, defective thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension (HYPOTENSION, ORTHOSTATIC), fixed pupils, excessive SWEATING, loss of pain and temperature sensation, and absent reflexes. Pathologic features include reduced numbers of small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and autonomic ganglion neurons. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1348; Nat Genet 1993;4(2):160-4)
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...