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Provoked vestibulodynia, previously called vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, is clinically defined as chronic, unexplained, vulvar pain or discomfort confined to the vulvar vestibule in response to contact or pressure. In addition, many patients also have pain in response to non-sexual activities such as tampon insertion, gynecological examinations or physical pursuits such as bicycle riding; the severity of other vulvo-vaginal symptoms such as itching, burning and irritation varies. Once women with provoked vestibulodynia develop the syndrome, symptoms may last for months or years; as a result, provoked vestibulodynia has a profound effect on women's sexuality and psychological well-being. The diagnosis of provoked vestibulodynia is usually made by ascertaining if the patient fulfills modified Friedrich's criteria, consisting of 1) a history of vulvar pain, dyspareunia or pain with tampon insertion, 2) tenderness of the vestibule when being touched with a cotton-tip applicator and 3) no identifiable cause for the pain.
The etiology of this condition remains unknown. Proposed causes include chronic inflammation, peripheral neuropathy, genetic, immunologic and hormonal factors, infectious, psychological disorders, sexual dysfunction or disturbance in the central nervous system. Because the cause of provoked vestibulodynia remains unknown, many different treatments have been described for this condition, including topical and intra-lesional corticosteroids, topical anesthetics such as lidocaine, topical estrogen, topical or oral antidepressants or anti-convulsants, biofeedback or physical therapy, surgical resection of the involved tissue (vestibulectomy) and a variety of complementary and alternative therapies.
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is an emerging medical technique in which exposure to low-level laser light or light emitting diodes might stimulate or inhibit cellular function, possibly leading to beneficial clinical effects. Clinical applications that show some potential of effectiveness include treating soft tissue injury, chronic pain, and wound healing. The usage of low level laser therapy was found effective in various pain syndromes, and has no side effects.
Since inflammatory mechanisms have been proposed in the pathogenesis of provoked vestibulodynia, and as there is no effective therapy for this syndrome, the investigators intend to study whether low level laser therapy might be an effective therapy for provoked vestibulodynia.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
LOW LEVEL LASER SYSTEM
Not yet recruiting
Hadassah Medical Organization
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:43-0400
The study aims to assess and compare the pain in women suffering from provoked vestibulodynia, before treatment with botulinum injections, 3 months after treatment and 18 months after trea...
The proposed study will evaluate a clinical algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). The algorithm, distinguishes between four subtypes of PVD: hormonall...
This study aims to assess the pain on contact in provoked vestibulodynia, measured with VAS at week 0/week 2/week 6/week 12 after applying a patch of capsaicin.
Vulvodynia is a debilitating chronic vulvar pain lasting at least 3 months without a clear identifiable cause that is challenging to treat effectively. Vulvodynia is a common pain conditio...
The main objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections on vestibulodynia pain compared to a group treated with a placebo.
Microvascular assessment has become increasingly used in gynecology to better understand the pathophysiology of various vulvar conditions and to study sexual function. Alteration in blood perfusion of...
We present what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first pure-three-level Yb:CaGdO(BO) (Yb:GdCOB) laser emitting at 976 nm based on the F2-F2 transition, generally used for a quasi-three-level emi...
In this paper, we present a system for sequential detection of multiple gases using laser-based wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) method combined with a Herriot-type multi-pass cell. Concentrat...
To assess the effectiveness of vaginal diazepam in addition to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in the treatment of vestibulodynia (VBD).
We present a Lyman-α laser developed for cooling trapped antihydrogen. The system is based on a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser operating at 729 nm that is frequency doubled using an LBO crystal and then f...
Treatment using irradiation with LASER light of low power intensity so that the effects are not due to heat, as in LASER THERAPY. These non-thermal effects are thought to be mediated by a photochemical reaction that alters CELL MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY, leading to increased mRNA synthesis and CELL PROLIFERATION. Low-level laser therapy has been used for a wide variety of conditions, but most frequently for wound healing and pain control.
A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).
Techniques using laser energy in combination with a balloon catheter to perform angioplasty. These procedures can take several forms including: 1, laser fiber delivering the energy while the inflated balloon centers the fiber and occludes the blood flow; 2, balloon angioplasty immediately following laser angioplasty; or 3, laser energy transmitted through angioplasty balloons that contain an internal fiber.
Somatosensory evoked potentials generated through the application of HEAT to the SKIN with a LASER. They are often used clinically to assess the function of the central nociceptive system and in diagnosing NOCICEPTIVE PAIN.
Fragmentation of CALCULI, notably urinary or biliary, by LASER.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...