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The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of adefovir (ADV) in preventing de novo Hepatitis B in patients who receive Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) positive grafts but who are not Hepatitis B Surface antigen (HBsAg) positive prior to transplant (Hepatitis B naive patients). The second objective is to evaluate the efficacy of accelerated vaccination with Hepatitis B in inducing innate immunity, thereby obviating the need for life-long antiviral therapy.
The investigators will conduct a prospective, open-label study of Hepatitis B naive patients who received HBcAb + livers and adefovir prophylaxis post-transplant. At one year to 18 months following transplantation, all study patients will then be vaccinated with standard Hepatitis B vaccine at double dose on a monthly basis for three months, at which point they will be tested for Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb). Any study patients that have developed a sufficient antibody response (HBsAb >500 IU) will be given the option to discontinue anti-viral treatment in a monitored setting.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Adefovir dipivoxil and hepatitis B vaccination
Center for Liver Disease and Transplantation at Columbia University Medical Center
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:49-0400
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INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
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An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...