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Nutrition and Physical Activity in Patients With Cerebrovascular Disease

2014-08-27 03:12:49 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study will provide evidence of eating habits and physical activity in cerebrovascular patients in Luxembourg and of the degree to which these habits may be changed acutely (after one month) and in the long run (after 4 months) by intensive counselling. Furthermore the influence of intensive counselling and of the consumption of red wine on cerebrovascular risk factors, cognition, and on surrogate parameters for stroke will be assessed.

Description

Quality of life in the elderly and their families is severely affected by stroke and cognitive dysfunction caused by atherosclerosis of the brain supplying arteries. Nutrition, namely a Mediterranean-style diet, nuts, soybean products, whole grain products, dark chocolate, fish oil and avoidance of salt, and regular physical activity play a major role in the prevention of these diseases. Data are available on cardiac patients, however little is known on cerebrovascular patients. The role of red wine in the protection of cerebrovascular disease is discussed; it may be simply an epiphenomenon of otherwise healthy lifestyle in the population with a regularly low alcohol consumption not properly corrected for in epidemiological studies. No prospective randomised data is available.

We intend to perform a prospective randomised study on nutrition and physical activity in 100 patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease (i.e. patients with atherosclerotic stenosis, at least 20% of a brain supplying artery as demonstrated by carotid ultrasound and without an acute stroke/TIA). The study consists of three parts:

(1) Assessment of eating and physical activity habits in these patients and correlation with indicators of cerebrocardiovascular disease (cerebral perfusion as measured by transcranial Doppler sonography, pulsatility of the transcranial and extracranial Doppler signal, elasticity of the carotid artery, ankle-brachial index, cognitive functioning) and risk factors of cerebrovascular disease (blood pressure and blood pressure amplitude assessed by 24 h ambulatory blood pressure measurement; HDL, LDL, triglycerides, Lp(a), glucose, HbA1c, homocysteine, and fibrinogen; waist-hip ratio and BMI).

2) Half of these patients will be randomised to intensive counselling concerning healthy eating and physical activity habits during the first month once a week. All the 100 patients will be reassessed after one month and after 4 months with the above mentioned parameters.

3) In a double cross-over design half of the patients allocated to intensive counselling (i.e. n=25) and half of the patients without intensive counselling (n=25) will be allocated to 0,2 l of red wine daily (men) or 0,1l of red wine daily (women), respectively. The remaining 50 patients will be advised to avoid red wine for the time of the study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)

Conditions

Cerebrovascular Disorders

Intervention

Conventional diet +/- wine, Luxembourg variant of Mediterranean diet + physical activity +/- wine

Location

CHL
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
1210

Status

Recruiting

Source

Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:49-0400

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A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, cereals and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.

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A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

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