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The aim of investigator´s clinical trial is to investigate 52 patients aged three to five years with viral-induced asthma and 52 patients aged three to five years with allergic asthma. Over a time-span of 5 years the investigators will explore lung function and bronchial responsiveness. The investigators plan to evaluate long-term clinical history of moderate to severe bronchial hyperresponsiveness in preschool children with asthma. Therefore factors like atopy in children, parental atopy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness will be explored.
A positive family history with prevalence of atopy, eczema, wheezing are well-known factors predicting asthma. Caudri et al found more important predictors like perinatal transmission, parental use of inhalative medications and wheezing/dyspnea out of viral infections(5). Measurement of BHR in children was in most studies a second outcome parameter.
Four visits will be performed, baseline and after 1, 3, and 5 years. At visit 1 the investigators will characterize all patients by a ISAAC survey. At each visit in children a methacholine challenge, a skin Prick test, eNO, RAST and total IgE will be performed. At visit 3 and 4 sputum will be induced. In parents only at the first visit a methacholine challenge will be performed. A genetic identification of ADAM33 gene from EDTA blood shall be provided. ADAMs are multidomain proteins with a metalloprotease domain, associated with airway remodelling. Visits should be kept in a time interval without asthma therapy and respiratory infection.
To examine the feasibility of methacholine challenges in preschool children data rised in 2006 will be analysed.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
methacholine bronchial challenge, methacholine bronchial challenge
Frankfurt am Main
Not yet recruiting
Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospitals
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:54-0400
This study is meant to compare two routine diagnostic approaches in patients with bronchial asthma. Patients are challenged with methacholine in order to measure their bronchial response. ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the difference (if any) in the result of the methacholine challenge (a test used by physicians in diagnosing asthma) when concentrations of methac...
The overall hypotheses are: 1) an indirect airway challenge procedure using mannitol can safely characterize asthma phenotypes, predict asthma control and exacerbations, predict responses ...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the bronchial inflammation and hyperresponsiveness after oil supplementation. Before and after oil supplementation the investigators measure dec...
The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic validity (sensitivity and specificity) and evaluate the safety of 2-min Tidal Breathing methacholine bronchial provocation tests wit...
Bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) is often regarded as a 'hallmark' of asthma, and bronchoprovocation testing is frequently performed to support a diagnosis of asthma. The European Respiratory Soci...
A US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug methacholine chloride (Provocholine®) was recently introduced to Korea where it is now widely used in clinical practice. We aimed to evaluate the...
Here, we report findings in volunteers with bronchial asthma. Biopsies were obtained from the inner bronchial wall before and a short time again after segmental allergen provocation. In most of the ba...
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is one of the most frequent primary immunodeficiencies and is characterized by disturbed immunoglobulin production and dysregulation of the immune system. Resul...
To clarify the potential of dopamine to alter airway tone in the presence of different bronchoconstrictor stimuli, changes in airway function following dopamine administrations were characterized when...
Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of beta-methylacetylcholine (methacholine).
Thermal destruction of the excess bronchial SMOOTH MUSCLE tissue with heat delivered through a catheter assembly attached to a BRONCHOSCOPE. It is often used to control BRONCHIAL HYPERREACTIVITY in severe ASTHMA for better AIRWAY MANAGEMENT.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
Left bronchial arteries arise from the thoracic aorta, the right from the first aortic intercostal or the upper left bronchial artery; they supply the bronchi and the lower trachea.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...