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Platelet Inhibition in the Acute Phase of STEMI

2014-08-27 03:12:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Background:

Dual antithrombotic treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel is recommended in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines recommend a bolus dose of aspirin of 250-500 mg and a 600 mg bolus dose of clopidogrel as soon as STEMI is suspected. Studies have shown that more newly produced platelets are present in the acute phase of STEMI, and it is likely that these immature platelets are haemostatically more active and might be of importance in thrombus formation.

The enhanced platelet reactivity may reduce the effect of aspirin and clopidogrel in the acute phase of STEMI compared to measurements made in the same patients 3 months after primary PCI.

Aim:

This study aims to compare platelet response to aspirin and clopidogrel in the acute phase of STEMI with the platelet response in the same patients 3 months after STEMI .

Design:

This study is an observational follow-up study.

Materials and methods:

46 patients with STEMI referred to primary PCI at Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby will be included in the study. A total of 3 blood samples are obtained in the acute phase of STEMI: Prior to primary PCI (Blood sample 1), at 4 hours (Blood sample 2) and at 12 hours (Blood sample 3) after administration of loading dose aspirin and clopidogrel. When patients are in a stable phase 3 month later, a final blood sample is taken (Blood sample 4). The blood is analyzed 30 minutes after withdrawal of blood by the platelet aggregation test Multiplate® aggregometry (agonists: Collagen, arachidonic acid and adenosinediphosphate) and VerifyNow® arachidonic acid and P2Y12 aggregometry. Platelet count, volume and the immature platelet fraction (IPF) will be measured using Sysmex® flowcytometry.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Acute Myocardial Infarction

Location

Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby
Aarhus N
Central Denmark Region
Denmark
8200

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Aarhus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:54-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode but that does not usually result in MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

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