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The aim of this study was to characterize pharmacokinetics of fentanyl during and after Living Donor Liver Transplantation (LDLT), using population pharmacokinetic analysis with non linear mixed effects modeling.
Patients received an initial intravenous bolus of fentanyl 100 μg and infused at variable rates ranging from 250 to 400 μg/hr.
Arterial blood samples (3ml) were taken immediately before the start of infusion (baseline), and at scheduled time which were coincident with laboratory tests during surgery as follows. In pre-anhepatic phase, blood were taken at 10min, 30min, 1hr, 3hr, 5hr until clamping of the hepatic blood supply and venous drainage, after the star of anhepatic phase, blood were taken at 5 min, 10 min, 30 min, 60 min, 90 min, 2hr until the vessels were reconnected to new liver. In neo-hepatic phase, blood were taken at 5min, 10min, 30min, 60min, 90min, 2hr, 3hr, 5hr until fentanyl-infusion stop, and at 0hr, 1hr, 3hr, 5hr, 8hr, 12hr, 24hr immediately after the stop of infusion. Samples were collected into tubes containing heparin as an anticoagulant and immediately placed on ice. After centrifugation for 8 min at 1800 g, the plasma was transferred to a cryovial and stored at -70°C until assay.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Living Donor Liver Transplantation
Asan Medical Center
Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:55-0400
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An organism that, as a result of transplantation of donor tissue or cells, consists of two or more cell lines descended from at least two zygotes. This state may result in the induction of donor-specific TRANSPLANTATION TOLERANCE.
Physiologic methyl radical donor involved in enzymatic transmethylation reactions and present in all living organisms. It possesses anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in treatment of chronic liver disease. (From Merck, 11th ed)
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
An organism whose body contains cell populations of different genotypes as a result of the TRANSPLANTATION of donor cells after sufficient ionizing radiation to destroy the mature recipient's cells which would otherwise reject the donor cells.
Final stage of a liver disease when the liver failure is irreversible and LIVER TRANSPLANTATION is needed.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...