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- Genetic variation in a particular chromosome is a major contributor to the increased risk for kidney disease that is common in people of African descent, although the specific gene, mutations, and other aspects of the variations remain to be determined. By studying the outcomes of kidney transplant in donors and recipients of African descent, researchers hope to better understand the effects of this genetic variation on the success of kidney transplants.
- To examine possible connections between genetic variations and kidney transplant outcomes for donors and recipients.
- Participants in kidney transplant where both donor and recipient were of black African descent.
- Eligible transplants include both living donor and deceased donor.
- The study will involve one visit of up to 8 hours.
- All participants will provide a detailed personal and family medical history.
- All participants will provide blood and urine samples, including a 24-hour urine collection, to test kidney function and collect material for genetic testing.
- Donor participants will also have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of their remaining kidney.
Genetic variation in the region of MYH9, encoding non-muscle myosin IIA heavy chain, located on chromosome 22, is a major contributor to the increased risk for kidney disease that characterizes African descent populations, although the specific gene, causative mutations, and the molecular and cellular mechanisms remain to be determined. We propose to study the role of MYH9 region genetic variation, as well as other genes, in renal transplant, including the effect of donor genotype on recipient outcomes and on donor outcomes. Additional exploratory studies will address 1) whether variation in other donor genes might contribute to donor and recipient outcomes, which we may address with candidate gene studies or a genome-wide association study and 2) whether recipient genotype contributes to recipient outcomes, which we will address in similar ways.
STUDY DESIGN. We will identify 300 kidney transplant dyads (donor/recipient pairs), in which both individuals were of African descent and the kidney transplants were performed between 1995 and 2004. We will include 150 living donor transplants (selected on the basis of the ability to locate the surviving living donor and their willingness to participate) and 150 deceased donor transplants (selected at random, to minimize survival bias of the allograft).
RECIPIENT OUTCOMES STUDY. We hypothesize that genetic variants in the kidney donor genome (particularly the MYH9 region) and secondarily in recipient genome might contribute to kidney recipient outcomes. We will obtain kidney donor genotypes using blood from surviving living donors or using transplant kidney biopsy DNA from now-deceased living donors, and we will obtain deceased donor genotypes by using transplant kidney biopsies. We will obtain recipient DNA, when available, from surviving recipients or from tissues obtained from deceased recipients. We will carry out Cox proportional hazards analysis to test the primary hypothesis, that donor MYH9 region genotype influences allograft survival. We will also develop a multivariable model to predict last follow-up glomerular filtration rate, incorporating factors known to influence transplant outcomes and examining the effect of donor MYH9 region genotype. In exploratory studies, we determine whether recipient genetic variants influence recipient outcomes.
DONOR OUTCOMES STUDY. We hypothesize that genetic variants in the kidney donor affect kidney donor outcomes. While kidney donors do not have an increased risk of chronic kidney disease compared to the general population, they do have an increased prevalence of microalbuminuria. Furthermore, the extent of compensatory renal hypertrophy appears to differ among individuals. We wish to determine whether MYH9 region genotype affects these outcomes, as well as the uncommon occurrence of overt kidney disease after kidney donation.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS. We believe that that these studies will expand our knowledge of how donor genotypes influence kidney transplant outcomes for both donors and recipients.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:55-0400
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