Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
- Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a disorder in which nerve cells in the brain that control movement degenerate. The cause of PLS is not known, but some research has suggested that environmental factors that produce oxidative stress trigger PLS in people who carry certain genes. Oxidative stress is caused when the body makes chemicals called "free radicals" faster than its natural systems can break them down. Oxidative stress can be triggered by exposures to chemicals related to the bodily effects of lead, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and psychological stress. Chemicals produced by the body during oxidative stress can be measured in the blood and urine. Researchers are interested in studying the physical, neurological, and chemical effects of PLS to better understand the effects of oxidative stress on the disorder.
- To study the relation of oxidative stress to the diagnosis and progression of motor neuron disease.
- Individuals 20 years of age or older who have been diagnosed with PLS, and have had symptoms of PLS for at least 5 but not more than 8 years and been previously enrolled in 01-N-0145 Screening: Neurologic Disorders with Muscle Stiffness
- Participants will have an initial study visit and three follow-up visits. Each visit will require approximately 3 days of testing at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center.
- As part of this study, participants will have the following tests and procedures:
- Neurological examination to test muscle strength, sensation, coordination, and reflexes, as well as clarity of speech
- Tests of memory, attention, concentration, and thinking
- Surveys on oxidative stress, including questions on life, mood, jobs held, and habit
- Electromyography to record the electrical activity of muscles
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation to measure electrical activity translated from their brain to the muscles
- Blood, urine, and skin biopsy samples for testing and sample collection
- After the initial visit, participants will have three more visits, once each in the following 3 years.
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are motor neuron disorders with different phenotypes that progress at very different rates. ALS is a rapidly progressive disease with a median survival less than 5 years. Patients with PLS have a slowly progressive course with a normal lifespan. One hypothesis is that oxidative stress affects the way in which different motor neuron disorders progress. To test this hypothesis, exposures to putative triggers of oxidative stress and biomarkers that may reflect oxidative stress will be assessed in patients with motor neuron disorders. A multicenter effort (the COSMOS study) has been initiated to accumulate sufficient numbers of ALS patients to address this hypothesis. As an add-on study, PLS patients will also be assessed in the multicenter effort. The objective of this protocol is to enroll PLS patients in this multicenter effort. The goal is to assess environmental factors and markers of oxidative stress in patients with established PLS.
15 adult patients with PLS who have symptoms of pure upper motor neuron dysfunction for at least 5 but not more than 8 years.
Patients will undergo a standard battery of clinical, physiological, and cognitive screening tests at enrollment, with scheduled follow-up evaluation visits every 12 months for 36 months. Blood and urine samples will be sent to collaborators at Columbia University for analysis of markers of oxidative injury and genetic risk factors. Patients will complete a self-administered nutritional survey and will be interviewed by phone by Columbia University investigators using questionnaires to assess environmental, occupational, lifestyle and psychosocial factors thought to be triggers of oxidative stress.
The Columbia University collaborators will combine data from several centers in a regression model correlating the slope of decline of the ALS-FRS score with an index of oxidative stress.
Motor Neuron Disease
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:56-0400
Levetiracetam (Keppra) is used to treat partial onset seizures. Its biological effects suggest it might also be useful in treating 3 aspects of human motor neuron diseases (MNDs) for whic...
The goal of this study is to establish a genetic registry of patients with early-onset motor neuron and neuromuscular diseases. The investigators will collect samples from patients with a ...
The COMMEND Study will assess the safety and effectiveness of FLX-787 in men and women with Motor Neuron Disease [including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Primary Lateral Sclerosis (...
Herein, we study the safety and efficacy of transplanting purified autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells transplanted via the intrathecal route by interventional radiology and the intr...
This study will collect blood samples from patients with primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to be used for research on genetic causes of motor neuron d...
To determine the motor phenotype and outcome in a clinically ascertained group of patients with motor neuron disease (MND) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD).
Motor neuron disease (MND) refers to a spectrum of degenerative diseases affecting motor neurons. Recent clinical and postmortem observations have revealed considerable variability in the phenotype. R...
Patients with motor neuron diseases may present to primary care clinic or may be initially encountered in the inpatient setting. Timely diagnosis of these conditions is a key factor in early intervent...
The embryonic generation of motor neurons is a complex process involving progenitor patterning, fate specification, differentiation, and maturation. Throughout this progression, the differential expre...
The causes of degenerative disease of the upper and lower motor neurons are incompletely understood. In this review the current concepts in the clinical and genetic differential diagnostics of motor n...
A SMN complex protein that is closely-related to SURVIVAL OF MOTOR NEURON 1 PROTEIN. In humans, the protein is encoded by an often duplicated gene found near the inversion centromere of a large inverted region of CHROMOSOME 5.
A SMN complex protein that is essential for the function of the SMN protein complex. In humans the protein is encoded by a single gene found near the inversion telomere of a large inverted region of CHROMOSOME 5. Mutations in the gene coding for survival of motor neuron 1 protein may result in SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD.
A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)
Involuntary contraction of the muscle fibers innervated by a motor unit. Fasciculations can often by visualized and take the form of a muscle twitch or dimpling under the skin, but usually do not generate sufficient force to move a limb. They may represent a benign condition or occur as a manifestation of MOTOR NEURON DISEASE or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1294)
A syndrome characterized by DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, dysphonia, impairment of voluntary movements of tongue and facial muscles, and emotional lability. This condition is caused by diseases that affect the motor fibers that travel from the cerebral cortex to the lower BRAIN STEM (i.e., corticobulbar tracts); including MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...