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The DExamethasone for Cardiac Surgery - Postoperative New-onset Atrial Fibrillation (DECS-PNAF) project described in this protocol aims to elucidate how corticosteroids protect cardiac surgical patients from Postoperative New-onset Atrial Fibrillation (PNAF). Patients will be randomized to receive either a single high dose of dexamethasone or a placebo. Continuous ECG-monitoring, echocardiography and biochemical and genomic analyses will be used to investigate the mechanisms responsible for the known protective effect of corticosteroids in the development of PNAF.
Postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation (PNAF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery, affecting up to 60% of patients. PNAF has been associated with a higher incidence of adverse postoperative outcomes including long-term mortality, and leads to an increased use of resources and higher social costs.
Many studies have investigated potential determinants of PNAF. Established determinants can grossly be divided into inflammatory factors, cardiac functional (echographic) parameters, cardiac electrophysiologic properties and other (demographic) risk factors. Also, a substantial number of studies have investigated pharmacological prophylactic strategies. In these studies, the highest effectiveness has been shown for strategies involving either betablockers, statins and, more recently, corticosteroids.
The DExamethasone for Cardiac Surgery - Postoperative New-onset Atrial Fibrillation (DECS-PNAF) project described in this protocol aims to elucidate how corticosteroids protect cardiac surgical patients from PNAF. The modulating effect of intraoperative prophylactic high-dose dexamethasone administration on the categories of perioperative determinants of PNAF mentioned above will be studied in 164 coronary artery bypass grafting surgery patients. For this, multiple perioperative assessments will be performed using, for example, repeated biochemical assessment of inflammation, genomic analysis of (mainly inflammatory) single nucleotide polymorphisms, continuous electrocardiographic (Holter) monitoring and transesophageal echocardiography.
The DECS-PNAF project is one of the first prospective studies to combine a detailed assessment of multiple categories of PNAF determinants. Moreover, it is unique in studying the effect of prophylactic corticosteroid administration on every one of these determinants.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
University Medical Center Utrecht
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:47-0400
Comparison of Effectiveness of Ranolazine Plus Metoprolol Combination vs. FlecainidE pluS Metoprolol Combination in ATrial Fibrillation Recurrences FOllowing PhaRmacological or Electrical CardioverSion of AtRial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice with a prevalence reaching 5% in patients older than 65 years and an incidence that increases progressively with...
This is a sigle-center, prospective study to evaluate the role of D-Dimer testing in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving Dabigatran or warfarin anticoagulation therapy.
The purpose of this study is to determine if preforming a posterior left pericardiotomy prevents atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.
The objective of this registry is the characterization of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with confirmed valvular heart disease (VHD) who are prescribed edoxaban in a real-life clin...
This study will compare a single dose of oral dexamethasone to placebo in a multicenter, randomized, double blind trial of infants aged 2 to 12 months with first-time bronchiolitis (define...
The risk of stroke and thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation is established. There are clear guidelines in anticoagulation management of patient's with atrial fibrillation, however, the evidence surr...
Catheter ablation for rhythm control is recommended in specific patient populations with paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation is the corner...
Atrial fibrillation is the commonest cardiac dysrhythmia. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are two approaches to the management of atrial fibrillation: controlling the ...
Most of the data on atrial fibrillation is known from registries including mostly ambulatory patients. Less is known about atrial fibrillation among patients hospitalized at departments of medicine.
While tall stature has been related to lower risk of vascular disease, it has been proposed as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Little is known about other anthropometric measures and their join...
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.
A morpholine and thiophene derivative that functions as a FACTOR XA INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment and prevention of DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS and PULMONARY EMBOLISM. It is also used for the prevention of STROKE and systemic embolization in patients with non-valvular ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients after an ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...