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The aim of this study is to determine the average patency period of the new anti-reflux biliary stent on patients with malignant bile duct strictures and to determine if this stent remains patent for a longer period of time comparing with the ordinary plastic Tannenbaum biliary stent.
Bile duct related cancer is a condition quite commonly seen among Asians. Predisposing conditions for primary bile duct cancer include recurrent infections and autoimmune diseases such as recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) as well as congenital problem such as choledochal cyst. Peri-ampullary tumour, pancreatic tumour and metastatic tumours with bile duct compression are other causes of bile duct obstruction. As many of these tumours are discovered at a late stage, curative treatment is usually not feasible. Palliative endoscopic stenting of the obstructed biliary system remains the treatment of choice for the majority.
The main problem with endoscopic stenting of the biliary system is the short stent patency period. There are some reports on modifications to plastic biliary stenting method in recent years including changes in stent designs, use of a different material or coating, administrating prophylactic antibiotics and the use of special drugs. All these have failed to show any conclusive effect on the stent patency period.
A preliminary study has demonstrated some promising results in the use of a stent with an anti-reflux property very similar to the stents we are using in this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Anti-reflux Tannenbaum biliary stent, Ordinary Tannenbaum biliary stent
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:56-0400
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Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors or cancer in the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
A motility disorder characterized by biliary COLIC, absence of GALLSTONES, and an abnormal GALLBLADDER ejection fraction. It is caused by gallbladder dyskinesia and/or SPHINCTER OF ODDI DYSFUNCTION.
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