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Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

2014-08-27 03:12:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of injecting mesenchymal stem cells through intraspinal delivery for the treatment of ALS.

Description

A single patient safety study for harvesting, expanding ex vivo and injecting autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSC's) into the subarachnoid space of a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Cells will be isolated from adipose tissue by subcutaneous biopsy and expanded using an FDA-approved protocol. They will then be injected by lumbar puncture into the cerebrospinal fluid. Injection will be completed in the in- patient clinical research unit (CRU). the patient will be followed for two years.

Study Design

Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Intervention

autologous mesenchymal stem cells

Location

Mayo Clinic
Rochester
Minnesota
United States
55905

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Mayo Clinic

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).

Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.

A glutamate antagonist (RECEPTORS, GLUTAMATE) used as an anticonvulsant (ANTICONVULSANTS) and to prolong the survival of patients with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS.

Cells that can develop into distinct mesenchymal tissue such as BONE; TENDONS; MUSCLES; ADIPOSE TISSUE; CARTILAGE; NERVE TISSUE; and BLOOD and BLOOD VESSELS.

A degenerative disorder affecting upper MOTOR NEURONS in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and SPINAL CORD. Disease onset is usually after the age of 50 and the process is usually fatal within 3 to 6 years. Clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, atrophy, FASCICULATION, hyperreflexia, DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, and eventual paralysis of respiratory function. Pathologic features include the replacement of motor neurons with fibrous ASTROCYTES and atrophy of anterior SPINAL NERVE ROOTS and corticospinal tracts. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1089-94)

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