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This study compares the efficacy of three group interventions for people with co-morbid osteoarthritis (OA) and insomnia to help them manage their OA symptoms. We hypothesize that a combination cognitive-behavioral treatment will produce significantly greater initial and long-term improvements in OA symptoms than will the other two treatments.
This study is only for members of the Group Health Cooperative (GHC) of Puget Sound who have both osteoarthritis pain and insomnia. The first part of the study involves filling out a mailed survey. Based on the results of the survey some respondents will be eligible for the second part of the study. Our goal in the second part is to test three different treatments for managing OA symptoms. The programs teach about things people with arthritis can do to improve the quality of their lives. All three programs deal with pain, sleep, mood and activity—but each has a slightly different focus. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of the three programs. Each program is made up of six weekly group sessions that last about 90-120 minutes. The programs will be co-led by licensed therapists and each will include 8-12 members. Study participants will also take part in a series of visits at their homes over the next 18 months. At each visit we'll ask them to do a few other study activities, such as keep a 7-day diary of their sleep and fill out a survey about their arthritis pain. With their permission we will also ask them to let us collect some information from their GHC medical records.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lifestyles A, Lifestyles B, Lifestyles C
University of Washington
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:01:02-0400
The JArDinS study is a quasi-experimental research that aimed at assessing the impact of community garden participation (a natural experiment) in the adoption of more sustainable lifestyle...
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One in six pregnancies in Britain are unplanned. An understanding of influences on contraceptive method choice is essential to provision compatible with users' lifestyles. This study describes contrac...
Healthy lifestyles are modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) onset and recurrence. While unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together within the general healthy population, little...
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Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span, from the management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability; the promotion of healthy lifestyles; the promotion of quality of life in those with chronic illness; and the care for individuals at the end of life. It was established in 1986.
Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)
Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on trigger points, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
Pain associated with a damaged PUDENDAL NERVE. Clinical features may include positional pain with sitting in the perineal and genital areas, sexual dysfunction and FECAL INCONTINENCE and URINARY INCONTINENCE.
A complex regional pain syndrome characterized by burning pain and marked sensitivity to touch (HYPERESTHESIA) in the distribution of an injured peripheral nerve. Autonomic dysfunction in the form of sudomotor (i.e., sympathetic innervation to sweat glands), vasomotor, and trophic skin changes may also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1359)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...