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Effect of IV and Oral Esomeprazole in Prevention of Recurrent Bleeding From Peptic Ulcers After Endoscopic Therapy

2014-07-23 21:08:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigators previously showed that the use of a high-dose intravenous PPI regimen after endoscopic control of bleeding from peptic ulcers reduced rate of recurrent bleeding, decreased the need for endoscopic and surgical interventions and in general improved patients' outcomes. A trend towards reduced mortality associated with the use of high-dose intravenous PPI was also observed. Recent clinical trials from Asia have provided evidence that high-dose oral PPIs are associated with a reduction in rebleeding. Current meta-analysis suggests that both high dose (intravenous) and low dose (oral) PPIs effectively reduce rebleeding vs placebo. However, there has been no clinical study to compare IV infusion to oral PPI in this patient population.

The purpose of this clinical study is to compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous and oral Esomeprazole in patients with peptic ulcer hemorrhage who are at risk for recurrent bleeding. The investigators hypothesize that using IV infusion is superior to oral PPI.

Description

The investigators previously showed that the use of a high-dose intravenous PPI regimen after endoscopic control of bleeding from peptic ulcers reduced rate of recurrent bleeding, decreased the need for endoscopic and surgical interventions and in general improved patients' outcomes. A trend towards reduced mortality associated with the use of high-dose intravenous PPI was also observed. Recent clinical trials from Asia have provided evidence that high-dose oral PPIs are associated with a reduction in rebleeding. Current meta-analysis suggests that both high dose (intravenous) and low dose (oral) PPIs effectively reduce rebleeding vs placebo. However, there has been no clinical study to compare IV infusion to oral PPI in this patient population.

Endoscopic stigmata in bleeding peptic ulcers are prognostic and allow risk stratification. Patients with a clean ulcer base have a < 5% risk of rebleeding; this increases progressively with a flat spot, adherent clot, non-bleeding visible vessel and active bleeding (55%). Early endoscopy in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers selects the high risk ulcers for therapy and evaluation of adjuvant PPI use.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Peptic Ulcer

Intervention

Oral esomeprazole, Intravenous Esomeprazole

Location

Endoscopy Centre
Hong Kong
SAR
China
852

Status

Recruiting

Source

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The S-isomer of omeprazole.

Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Penetration of a PEPTIC ULCER through the wall of DUODENUM or STOMACH allowing the leakage of luminal contents into the PERITONEAL CAVITY.

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.

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