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This is a research study for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma or multiple myeloma has returned (relapsed). Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that begins in white blood cells called plasma cells. Plasma cells make proteins that help fight infections. Current therapy for multiple myeloma includes high dose chemotherapy and autologous (patient's own cells) stem cell transplantation.
The purpose of this study is to find the highest dose of a drug called lenalidomide (Revlimid®) that can be given in combination with high dose melphalan without causing severe adverse events. Researchers will also look at the effects of this treatment (good and bad) on multiple myeloma patients.
Lenalidomide is a drug that interferes with the development of tiny blood vessels that help tumors grow. Lenalidomide in combination with dexamethasone is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma. It is also approved for the treatment of specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), another blood cancer. Other research studies using lenalidomide in combination with other drugs in subjects with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma also show good response rate.
High dose melphalan is approved by the FDA and is commonly used in multiple myeloma treatment prior to stem cell transplantation. This combination of lenalidomide, high-dose melphalan and stem cell transplantation has not been studied in newly diagnosed and relapsed multiple myeloma, so it is considered experimental. In research studies, "experimental" refers to a drug or procedure that has undergone basic laboratory testing and received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be tested in human subjects. A drug or procedure may be approved by the FDA for use in one disease or condition, but be considered experimental in other diseases or conditions.
In this study, lenalidomide will be given together with melphalan (chemotherapy) with the hope that more disease will be killed before the stem cell transplant. Three months after the transplant, patients will take lenalidomide again with the hope that this will help prolong the time when the disease is in remission.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lenalidomide plus Melphalan during autologous stem cell transplantation, Lenalidomide maintenance
IU Simon Cancer Center
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:01-0400
This randomized phase III trial is studying lenalidomide to see how well it works compared to a placebo in treating patients who are undergoing autologous stem cell transplant for multiple...
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of lenalidomide that can be given in combination with vorinostat, gemcitabine, busulfan, and melphalan, with ...
The purpose of this study is to explore the combination of Elotuzumab in combination with autologous stem cell transplantation and lenalidomide maintenance to see what side effects it may ...
RATIONALE: Melphalan, a chemotherapeutic agent, has been found to be an effective treatment choice for destroying myeloma cells, especially when given at high (bone marrow ablative) doses....
This is a multicenter, randomized, open label study designed to compare the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide with low-dose alkylating agents versus high-dose melphalan followed by stem ...
The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of TECAM (thiotepa, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and melphalan) and BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan) c...
Carmustine (BCNU)-Etoposide-Citarabine-Melphalan (BEAM) chemotherapy is the standard conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in lymphomas. Owing to BCNU shortages, many ce...
Autologous stem cell transplantation has been used in treatment for AL amyloidosis for over two decades and generally reserved for patients younger than 70 years of age. Herein we report on outcomes o...
High-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the current standard of care for relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Conditioning regimens with hig...
High dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDM/SCT) has been used in patients with light chain (AL) amyloidosis for over two decades now with durable responses, prolonged survival, ...
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.
Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...