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Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is associated with increased oxidative stress. The major sources of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in the vasculature are the NADPH oxidases. Several polymorphisms related to NADPH oxidase expression or NADPH oxidase activity has been identified. The investigators are going to compare the distribution of the allelic frequencies of A-930G and C242T polymorphisms and their possible relationship with the levels of 8-isoprostanes as a marker of oxidative stress in patients with OSA and in a control group without OSA.
DESIGN: CASE-CONTROL STUDY METHODS: We are going to determine the A-930G and C242T p22phox genotypes in patients with OSA and healthy subjects recruited from sleep unit of Son Dureta University Hospital, (Palma de Mallorca, Spain). 8-Isoprostane is going to be measured as an oxidative stress marker with an 8-isoprostane EIA kit (Cayman Chemicals Company, USA) in plasma samples.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Hospital Universitario Son Dureta
Palma de Mallorca
Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:01-0400
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Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a common problem among children and is recognized as a cause of significant medical morbidity. Since the 1980s, it has been suggested that obstructive sleep apnea s...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) occurs in 2-4% of adults, increasing by 2.5 times the risk of sudden death.
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A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
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