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Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is associated with increased oxidative stress. The major sources of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in the vasculature are the NADPH oxidases. Several polymorphisms related to NADPH oxidase expression or NADPH oxidase activity has been identified. The investigators are going to compare the distribution of the allelic frequencies of A-930G and C242T polymorphisms and their possible relationship with the levels of 8-isoprostanes as a marker of oxidative stress in patients with OSA and in a control group without OSA.
DESIGN: CASE-CONTROL STUDY METHODS: We are going to determine the A-930G and C242T p22phox genotypes in patients with OSA and healthy subjects recruited from sleep unit of Son Dureta University Hospital, (Palma de Mallorca, Spain). 8-Isoprostane is going to be measured as an oxidative stress marker with an 8-isoprostane EIA kit (Cayman Chemicals Company, USA) in plasma samples.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Hospital Universitario Son Dureta
Palma de Mallorca
Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:01-0400
Prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome in patients with acromegaly is about 70%. It seems that comorbidities of arterial hypertension or type 2 diabetes are more severe in patients with acrome...
The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a work-model in Primary Health Care for identifying patients with Sleep Apnea Syndrome, based on clinical variables and an ambulatory m...
People with Down syndrome are at increased risk of sleep apnea, not only from obstruction of the upper airway, but also of central origin. According to published data, sleep apnea may occu...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether 3-week of SPA therapy improves sleep apnea in patients with chronic venous insufficiency and concomitant Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome ...
The hypothesis of the study is the following: Patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome have different pattern in the secretion of hormones. The chronic sleep disorganization that suffe...
Stroke and sleep apnea are highly prevalent conditions with a physiologically plausible bidirectional relationship. This review addresses prestroke sleep apnea, wake-up stroke and sleep apnea, and pos...
To elucidate current knowledge on the potential association and causality between sleep bruxism (SB) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using full-night polysomnography.
Individuals with Down syndrome present many clinical characteristics, such as metabolic, endocrine, anatomic and neurologic dysfunctions, that contribute to the physiopathology of obstructive sleep ap...
Sleep apnea syndrome affects approximately 4% of adult males and 2% of adult females. It is associated with significant cardio-, cerebrovascular, metabolic and hormonal comorbidities and ranks among t...
Obstructive sleep apnea has been linked with many forms of cardiovascular diseases. Aortic knob width has increasingly been presented as a marker of diagnosis and prognosis of atherosclerotic coronary...
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...