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The investigators will assess the protective and antiinflammatory effects of processed fruit and fruit fibre in overweight subjects with signs of metabolic syndrome. A single-blinded parallel study is conducted to investigate the protective effects of fruit fibre on colonic epithelium. Relevant signalling pathways related to cholesterol metabolism, vascular inflammation, oxidative defence, apoptosis and sterol metabolism will be targeted. Volunteers are randomly assigned one of three groups. They are instructed to follow a polyphenol and pectin restricted diet for six weeks. The last four weeks in this six week period, the restricted diet is supplemented with whole apples (550g/day), apple pomace (22g/day) or nothing. Blood, urine, faecal samples and colon biopsies are collected before and after the four weeks intervention period.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Apples, Apple pomace
Department of Human Nutrition, LIFE, University of Copenhagen
Active, not recruiting
University of Copenhagen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:01-0400
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
A natural dihydrochalcone found in apples and many other fruits.
Antioxidant; also a post-harvest dip to prevent scald on apples and pears.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...