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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus in patients with medically refractory epilepsy has been shown to be efficacious. Studies have estimated a 46-76% reduction in seizures relative to the baseline. However, the exact anatomic circuitry involved in the mechanism of DBS in epilepsy remains unknown. Positron emission tomography (PET) studies can provide clues to the metabolic activity associated with DBS activation. In our study, patients will be scanned with their DBS electrodes turned "on" and "off". PET data captured during these two distinct states may show characteristic differences in cerebral glucose metabolism and modulatory effects of surrounding cerebral structures, thus providing clues to how DBS works to prevent seizures.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Neuropsychological Testing
The Hospital for Sick Children
The Hospital for Sick Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:01-0400
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The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
An imaging technique that combines a POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) scanner and a CT X RAY scanner. This establishes a precise anatomic localization in the same session.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
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