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Upper GI endoscopy is often performed in patients with chronic liver disease to screen for esophageal and gastric varices. The purpose of this study is to compare propofol to midazolam for sedation in patients with chronic liver disease undergoing diagnostic upper GI endoscopy.
Background : Upper GI endoscopy is often performed in patients with chronic liver disease to screen for esophageal and gastric varices. AIM: The purpose of this study is to compare propofol to midazolam for sedation in patients with chronic liver disease undergoing diagnostic upper GI endoscopy. Methods: 60 outpatients who has known chronic liver disease (Child-Pugh class A or B) (cirrhosis) and are undergoing variceal screening will be randomized to receive propofol or midazolam for sedation. Administration of sedation was performed by a anesthesist. Outcome measures studied are induction and recovery times, efficacy and safety of sedation, patient satisfaction, and return to baseline function and subclinical hepatic encephalopathy (number connection test), and saturation of oxygen. expected results: The mean time to achieve adequate sedation will be shorter for for the propofol group in comparison to midazolam group. The level of sedation achieved by the propofol group will be greater. Time to full recovery will be faster in the propofol group. Propofol do not exacerbate subclinical hepatic encephalopathy as compared to midazolam. patients receiving propofol will express greater overall mean satisfaction with the quality of their sedation at the time of discharge. Conclusions: Propofol sedation is expected not to exacerbate subclinical hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotics.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Ziv medical center liver unit
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:02-0400
propofol versus use of midazolam as sedative agent in patients with liver cirrhosis presented for lower gastrointestinal endoscopy
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An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.
Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
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