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Current measures of adherence detect problems weeks to months after they occur. Because the HIV virus rapidly begins replicating and mutating in the absence of effective antiretroviral therapy, treatment failure may develop before an intervention can be deployed. Real-time objective adherence monitoring could redirect efforts from a reactive response to the proactive prevention of treatment failure. Because adherence is so closely associated with viral suppression, accurate adherence monitoring could also strategically limit viral monitoring only to those patients at a defined risk for viral rebound.
This observational study is assessing a wireless adherence monitoring device and mobile phone-based adherence data collection among caregivers of children under the age of ten years in Mbarara, Uganda. It involves both quantitative and qualitative measures of the feasibility and acceptability of these measures, as well as circumstances of adherence lapses and other individual and cultural factors affecting adherence. The qualitative data will be used to explore models of adherence behavior, which will likely include the child-caregiver dynamic, the child's mental and physical health, and social support mechanism.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Mbarara University Teaching Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:02-0400
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A prodromal phase of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Laboratory criteria separating AIDS-related complex (ARC) from AIDS include elevated or hyperactive B-cell humoral immune responses, compared to depressed or normal antibody reactivity in AIDS; follicular or mixed hyperplasia in ARC lymph nodes, leading to lymphocyte degeneration and depletion more typical of AIDS; evolving succession of histopathological lesions such as localization of Kaposi's sarcoma, signaling the transition to the full-blown AIDS.
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
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Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...