Effectiveness of Antibiotics Versus Placebo to Treat Antenatal Hydronephrosis

2014-07-23 21:08:50 | BioPortfolio


This study focuses on the relationship between prophylaxis antibiotics and frequency of urinary tract infection in children diagnosed with antenatal hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis is the most common fetal abnormality occurring in 1-5% of all pregnancies. Currently, with the widespread accessibility of antenatal ultrasound across cities in Ontario, the detection of hydronephrosis has become even more common. As a result, thousands of infants with hydronephrosis have been seen and managed by pediatricians, pediatric nephrologists, pediatric urologists, and family physicians. The investigators need to determine if antibiotic prophylaxis is effective in reducing the number of urinary tract infections in this population.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment




Trimethoprim, Simple Syrup


McMaster Children's Hospital
L8N 3Z5


Not yet recruiting


McMaster University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:50-0400

Clinical Trials [216 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Minimizing the Utilization of Voiding Cystourethrography for Patients With Antenatal Hydronephrosis

It has previously been found that there is no correlation between degree of hydronephrosis and presence of reflux; however this is oftentimes the criteria physicians use to obtain a VCUG.

Hydronephrosis After Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)

Anterior lumbar spinal surgery involves making an incision through the abdomen of the patient in order to access the spine. During this process, several internal structures are pushed asid...

Urinary Biomarkers as Predictors on Renal Function in Congenital Hydronephrosis

The purpose of this study is to detect new urinary biomarkers that can be used as predictors on renal function in congenital hydronephrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) ...

Alfuzosin Treatment in Children and Adolescents With Hydronephrosis of Neuropathic Etiology

Primary objective was to determine efficacy of Alfuzosin in the treatment of children and adolescents 2-16 years of age with newly diagnosed or progressive hydronephrosis due to elevated d...

Determination of the Glycemic Index and the Insulinemic Index of a Sweetener Syrup

The purpose of the study is to determine the glycemic index and the insulinemic index of a sweetener syrup

PubMed Articles [3627 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A trimethoprim conjugate of thiomaltose has enhanced antibacterial efficacy in vivo.

Trimethoprim is one of the most widely used antibiotics in the world. However its efficacy is frequently limited by its poor water solubility and dose limiting toxicity. Prodrug strategies based on co...

Parapelvic cysts mimicking hydronephrosis.

Point-of-care renal ultrasonography performed by physicians at bedside assists in rapid evaluation of hydronephrosis, nephrolithiasis and other structural abnormalities, and guides management. As such...

The Correlation Between Serial Ultrasound and Diuretic Renography in Children with Severe Unilateral Hydronephrosis.

While serial renal ultrasound is often used as an alternative to functional renal imaging among children followed for hydronephrosis, it is unclear whether a lack of hydronephrosis progression safegua...

Safe discharge parameters for patients with isolated antenatal hydronephrosis.

Antenatal hydronephrosis is a steady source of urology referrals since the era of routine fetal ultrasonography. Although most resolve, there are no guidelines for follow-up.

In Vitro Bactericidal Activity of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole/Colistin Combination Against Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolates.

Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) has emerged as a formidable health challenge in recent years owing to the shortage of effective antibiotics. Colistin is the last and sometimes the on...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pyrimidine inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, it is an antibacterial related to PYRIMETHAMINE. The interference with folic acid metabolism may cause a depression of hematopoiesis. It is potentiated by SULFONAMIDES and the TRIMETHOPRIM-SULFAMETHOXAZOLE COMBINATION is the form most often used. It is sometimes used alone as an antimalarial. TRIMETHOPRIM RESISTANCE has been reported.

Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TRIMETHOPRIM.

Syrup made from corn used widely in foods and beverages as a cheaper alternative sweetener to SUCROSE (common table sugar). It is generated by enzymatic processing of natural corn syrup to produce a liquid most widely composed of 42 or 55% FRUCTOSE, GLUCOSE, and various POLYSACCHARIDES.

A syrup made from the dried rhizomes of two different species, CEPHAELIS ipecacuanha and C. acuminata. They contain EMETINE, cephaeline, psychotrine and other ISOQUINOLINES. Ipecac syrup is used widely as an emetic acting both locally on the gastric mucosa and centrally on the chemoreceptor trigger zone.

Cancer or tumors of the URETER which may cause obstruction leading to hydroureter, HYDRONEPHROSIS, and PYELONEPHRITIS. HEMATURIA is a common symptom.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effectiveness of Antibiotics Versus Placebo to Treat Antenatal Hydronephrosis"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...

Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Searches Linking to this Trial