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The purpose of this study is to specifically investigate the efficacy of an alternative pharmacologic cervical ripening agent, misoprostol, versus the standard oxytocin, as an adjunct to Foley balloon for induction of the unfavorable cervix.
The design of this study is a randomized, controlled study with two arms. Both groups will undergo placement of a Foley catheter, through the external and internal os of the cervix, according to standard practice. In group A, receiving intravenous infusion of oxytocin, will serve as the control group as it is standard protocol at Aultman Hospital. Group B, intravaginal placement of misoprostol, will serve as the experimental group. The expected duration of participation begins at induction of labor and concludes at time of delivery.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Induction of Labor
Aultman Health Foundation
Aultman Health Foundation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:03-0400
The use of Oxytocin for labor induction may cause receptor exhaustion and thus making its use in the third stage of labor ineffective in reducing post partum blood loss as compared to othe...
The goal of this study is to compare the vaginal delivery rates in women undergoing induction of labor with an unripe cervix between oxytocin induction alone and preinduction cervical ripe...
This is a prospective, randomized, controlled trial designed to examine the safety of oral misoprostol for labor augmentation compared to a standard regimen of intravenous oxytocin.
The purpose of this study is to study if misoprostol administered orally is at least as effective as misoprostol administered vaginally for cervical ripening and the induction of labor. Th...
The goal of this study is to determine whether inducing labor with just one dose of misoprostol, followed by treatment with oxytocin, will still be effective enough to increase the chances...
Misoprostol is a common agent used to ripen the cervix and induce labor, yet there is no clear evidence of the optimal number of doses needed to achieve a higher rate of vaginal delivery.
Prolonged continuous oxytocin administration during labor may induce oxytocin receptor desensitization, which attenuates the response of the myometrium to further oxytocin, increasing the risk of post...
Oxytocin is one of the most commonly used medications in obstetrics and has been associated with claims of negligence in cases of adverse outcomes. Errors involving intravenous oxytocin administration...
To evaluate the association between hypertensive (HTNsive) disorders of pregnancy and outcomes of labor induction, in two cohorts of women induced with either misoprostol vaginal insert (MVI) or dinop...
Few studies have assessed the impact of induction of labor on breech presentation. This study aims to summarize the effect of induction of labor of breech presentation on perinatal morbidity.
Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.
The beginning of true OBSTETRIC LABOR which is characterized by the cyclic uterine contractions of increasing frequency, duration, and strength causing CERVICAL DILATATION to begin (LABOR STAGE, FIRST ).
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...