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The primary objective of this prospective multi-centre study is to prove the diagnostic accuracy of in vivo 3T multi-modality Magnetic Resonance Imaging (high resolution T2-weighted MRI, DCE-MRI, MRSI and DWI techniques) in distinguishing carcinoma from other prostate tissue. The gold standard for distinguishing the tissue types is the analysis of whole-mount sections of the resected prostate by a genitourinary histopathologist.
Goal Proving that multi-parametric MR imaging in a multi-centre setting allows for localizing clinically significant (volume > 0.5cc; Gleason > 6) prostate carcinoma in the prostate.
To determine the diagnostic accuracy (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve) of 3-Tesla multi-modality non-endorectal coil (ERC) MR imaging in localizing prostate cancer, by correlating:
1. focal areas of low signal intensity on T2-weighted images;
2. the extent and degree of deviating metabolite ratios derived from MRSI. This can be the choline+creatine/citrate ratio or if possible, the choline / citrate ratio;
3. the extent and degree of apparent diffusion coefficient reduction on DWI;
4. the extent and degree of perfusion abnormality on DCE-MRI; with the presence or absence of cancer at (reconstructed) whole mount section histopathology.
Objective 2 Proving that multi-modality MR data allows for predicting tumor grade. The parameters from the different MR methods for a tumor focus can be correlated to the local Gleason grade of the corresponding lesion in the histopathological specimens.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Multi-Imagem and CDPI - Clínica de Diagnóstico por Imagem
Rio de Janeiro
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:08-0400
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A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
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A physical examination in which the qualified health care worker inserts a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the RECTUM and may use the other hand to press on the lower ABDOMEN or pelvic area to palpate for abnormalities in the lower rectum, and nearby organs or tissues. The method is commonly used to check the lower rectum, the PROSTATE gland in men, and the UTERUS and OVARIES in women.
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