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To assess and validate equation eGFR in HIV-infected subjects and -uninfected Thai patients
With significant reductions in mortality and risk of progression to AIDS with antiretroviral therapy (ART), complications of long-standing HIV infection and treatment, including renal disease, have become increasingly important. Aging, concomitant metabolic diseases, and use of potentially nephrotoxic ART lead to higher risk for renal disease in HIV-infected persons.WHO encourage TDF as first line ARV regimen. The data on TDF related renal toxicity in Asian population is limited.
For this cohort, we plan to look at these topics:
1. proximal tubular dysfunction between TDF and non-TDF user
2. incidence and predictor of TDF related renal toxicity
3. TDF plasma concentrations
4. Pharmacokinetic of TDF when used with boosted DRV, boosted ATV, and boosted LPV in Thai population
5. Bone density and vitamin D in patients with and without hypophosphatemia.
6. Pharmacogenomic of TDF in Thai population
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Tc99mDTPA renal clearance
HIV-NAT, Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:08-0400
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The amount of PLASMA flowing to the parts of the KIDNEY that function in the production of urine. It is the amount of plasma perfusing the KIDNEY TUBULES per unit time, generally measured by P-AMINOHIPPURATE clearance. It should be differentiated from RENAL PLASMA FLOW which is approximately 10% greater than the effective renal plasma flow.
Drugs used for their effects on the kidneys' regulation of body fluid composition and volume. The most commonly used are the diuretics. Also included are drugs used for their antidiuretic and uricosuric actions, for their effects on the kidneys' clearance of other drugs, and for diagnosis of renal function.
Distention of KIDNEY with the presence of PUS and suppurative destruction of the renal parenchyma. It is often associated with renal obstruction and can lead to total or nearly total loss of renal function.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level in the ability to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE. The most severe form is KIDNEY FAILURE. Renal function may deteriorate slowly (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, CHRONIC) or precipitously (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, ACUTE).
The amount of PLASMA that perfuses the KIDNEYS per unit time, approximately 10% greater than effective renal plasma flow (RENAL PLASMA FLOW, EFFECTIVE). It should be differentiated from the RENAL BLOOD FLOW; (RBF), which refers to the total volume of BLOOD flowing through the renal vasculature, while the renal plasma flow refers to the rate of plasma flow (RPF).
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...