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Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic neurodegenerative disorder of the adult associated to a poor prognosis. MSA is clinically characterized by the association of extrapyramidal, dysautonomic, cerebellar and pyramidal symptoms. Histological and biological studies have raised the hypothesis that, beside the well known dopamine deficiency, some of the symptoms could be related to a dysfunction in serotoninergic neurotransmission. Serotonin is involved in the modulation of several functions impaired in MSA, such as mood, motricity or sleep. The recent description of an association between loss of brainstem serotonin neurons and sudden death in patients with MSA reinforced the hypothesis of a critical role played by this neurotransmitter in the pathophysiology of this disease. 5-HT1a autoreceptors are strongly involved in the regulation of serotonin neurotransmission. During the last years several radio-ligands allowing in vivo PET quantification of 5-HT1a receptors, such as 18F-MPPF, were developed. Moreover, the investigators recently demonstrated the ability of this brain functional imaging method to investigate, in healthy volunteers, the functional properties of 5-HT1a autoreceptors through an evaluation of their desensitization after a single oral dose of fluoxetine.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Multiple System Atrophy
PET (Positron Emission Tomography) Study, Brain MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), Fluoxétine / Placebo
CHU de Bordeaux
University Hospital, Bordeaux
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:14-0400
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An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
An imaging technique that combines a POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) scanner and a CT X RAY scanner. This establishes a precise anatomic localization in the same session.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
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