Cognitive Training Trial

2014-08-27 03:13:20 | BioPortfolio


Currently, only two treatment modalities for pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are considered evidence-based: (1) pharmacological and (2) behavioral treatment. Recently, several studies have shown promising results suggesting efficacy for cognitive training interventions for children with ADHD. These interventions directly train cognitive function (i.e., attention, working memory) by having children practice cognitive skills using computerized tasks. In these studies, improvements related to the cognitive training intervention have been documented on neuropsychological tests, academic tasks, and parent ratings of children's ADHD behavior. Given the ubiquitous finding of increased reaction time (RT) variability among children with ADHD, the candidate worked with a group of developers to modify a cognitive training intervention to target RT variability. That is, train the children to be less variable in their responding. Initial clinical data from this intervention suggest that intervention exposure improves behavioral outcomes. However, an appropriate powered randomized clinical trial is necessary to experimentally demonstrate intervention efficacy.Sixty-four (64) children diagnosed with ADHD (either Predominantly Inattentive Type or Combined Type) will be randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Children in the intervention group will receive 8 weeks of the Computerized Progressive Attention Training (CPAT) intervention. Children in the control group will receive the CPAT intervention but there will be no progression in difficulty based on performance as in the intervention group. Children in both groups will be assessed pre-intervention and immediately after the 8-week training on neuropsychological, behavioral, and academic outcome measures. Hypothesis-driven data analyses will assess intervention efficacy.

Hypothesis #1: Children in the experimental group exposed to the CPAT intervention will show greater improvement from pre- to post-intervention on neuropsychological tests compared to children in the control group.

Hypothesis #2: Children in the experimental group exposed to the CPAT intervention will show greater improvement from pre- to post-intervention on parent and teacher behavioral ratings of ADHD behavior compared to children in the control group.

Hypothesis #3: Children in the experimental group exposed to the CPAT intervention will show greater improvement from pre- to post-intervention on academic outcomes compared to children in the control group.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


Computerized Progressive Attention Training, Sham Comparator Cognitive Training


Center for ADHD, Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center
United States


Not yet recruiting


Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:20-0400

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Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.

On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.

Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.

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