Comparison of Fractional Flow Reserve and Intravascular Ultrasound

2014-08-27 03:13:20 | BioPortfolio


This study will evaluate the relationship of Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) and Minimal Lumen Area (MLA) by IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) by comparing the results of the both tests which is done as a part of the cardiac catheterization.


Invasive X-ray coronary angiography remains the "reference standard" for the evaluation of coronary artery stenoses. Recently, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been introduced as an invasive method for the evaluation of coronary artery stenoses and has been shown to be highly accurate in stenosis detection when compared to X-ray angiography. While invasive X-ray angiography and IVUS evaluate morphological features of coronary arterial plaques, fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an invasive measure of the hemodynamic significance of a stenosis obtained in the catheterization laboratory by measuring changes in intracoronary arterial pressure before and after maximal vasodilation induced by intravenous adenosine. An FFR value less than 0.75 has been shown to predict ischemia in vascular beds distal to the stenosis by radionuclide perfusion modalities and has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes. Therefore, FFR is considered to be an invasive hemodynamic "reference standard" for the evaluation of the hemodynamic significance of coronary arterial stenoses. While IVUS can provide additional morphological information in intermediate stenoses, it can not provide further functional information.

We are currently conducting investigation in the validation of IVUS against FFR in intermediate coronary artery stenoses in each coronary arteries. However, the difference of the values of IVUS data in each coronary artery, eg. left anterior descending artery or right coronary artery, has not been validated against invasive hemodynamic measurements of fractional flow reserve in patients with intermediate stenoses by invasive X-ray angiography. We hypothesize that IVUS-derived measurements are interpreted differently in each coronary arteries in the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses, using FFR as the reference standard in patients with coronary artery stenoses 40%< and <70%.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic


Coronary Artery Stenosis


Fractional flow reserve, IVUS


Seoul national university hospital
Korea, Republic of




Seoul National University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:20-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

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