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Comparison of Fractional Flow Reserve and Intravascular Ultrasound

2014-08-27 03:13:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will evaluate the relationship of Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) and Minimal Lumen Area (MLA) by IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) by comparing the results of the both tests which is done as a part of the cardiac catheterization.

Description

Invasive X-ray coronary angiography remains the "reference standard" for the evaluation of coronary artery stenoses. Recently, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been introduced as an invasive method for the evaluation of coronary artery stenoses and has been shown to be highly accurate in stenosis detection when compared to X-ray angiography. While invasive X-ray angiography and IVUS evaluate morphological features of coronary arterial plaques, fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an invasive measure of the hemodynamic significance of a stenosis obtained in the catheterization laboratory by measuring changes in intracoronary arterial pressure before and after maximal vasodilation induced by intravenous adenosine. An FFR value less than 0.75 has been shown to predict ischemia in vascular beds distal to the stenosis by radionuclide perfusion modalities and has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes. Therefore, FFR is considered to be an invasive hemodynamic "reference standard" for the evaluation of the hemodynamic significance of coronary arterial stenoses. While IVUS can provide additional morphological information in intermediate stenoses, it can not provide further functional information.

We are currently conducting investigation in the validation of IVUS against FFR in intermediate coronary artery stenoses in each coronary arteries. However, the difference of the values of IVUS data in each coronary artery, eg. left anterior descending artery or right coronary artery, has not been validated against invasive hemodynamic measurements of fractional flow reserve in patients with intermediate stenoses by invasive X-ray angiography. We hypothesize that IVUS-derived measurements are interpreted differently in each coronary arteries in the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses, using FFR as the reference standard in patients with coronary artery stenoses 40%< and <70%.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Coronary Artery Stenosis

Intervention

Fractional flow reserve, IVUS

Location

Seoul national university hospital
Seoul
Korea, Republic of
110-744

Status

Recruiting

Source

Seoul National University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:20-0400

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