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Contraceptive Awareness and Reproductive Education

2014-08-27 03:13:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to increase the initiation and continuation of highly effective contraceptive use while incarcerated and upon release, as well as decrease unsafe sexual activity.

Description

Unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections are important and costly public health problems in the United States resulting from unprotected sexual activity. Women with a history of incarceration are at increased risk for these problems given the high rates of substance abuse and commercial sex work in this population. This proposal is designed to evaluate an innovative intervention Motivational Interviewing with Computer Assistance (MICA) designed to improve contraceptive use for incarcerated women who do not want a pregnancy and are soon to be released into the community. We will utilize the Title X program which, in conjunction with RI Department of Corrections (RI DOC), provides reproductive health services in jail and then transitional services in the community after release. We plan to recruit 400 women from the RI DOC women's jail and randomize them to two interventions: two sessions of personalized MICA or two sessions of Didactic Educational Counseling (DEC), both delivered individually by trained counselors. The two counseling interventions will be similar in length and timing, but will vary in content, counseling style and the individualized computer generated feedback that is reviewed with the counselor.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Contraception

Intervention

Motivational Interviewing, Didactic Educational Counseling

Location

Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island
Pawtucket
Rhode Island
United States
02860

Status

Recruiting

Source

Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:21-0400

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Contraceptive Awareness and Reproductive Education

The long-term objectives of this research are to develop effective treatments to reduce unplanned pregnancy and Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for a highly under-served population ...

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The purpose of this study is to determine whether giving brief motivational interviewing counseling during the prenatal and/or postnatal period(s) will increase utilization of preventive d...

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PubMed Articles [1693 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

An Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing for Increasing Hearing Aid Use: A Pilot Study.

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only ra...

Motivational Interviewing in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Primary Healthcare: A Community-based Randomized Cluster Trial.

To assess the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in preventing early childhood caries compared with conventional oral health education.

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The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Craving and Dependence on Hookah in Suburban Pregnant Women in South East of Iran.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.

An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.

Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.

Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.

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