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Ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury is the major cause of early renal dysfunction and acute renal failure of the transplanted kidney after renal transplantation. In 1986, Murry et al. described the phenomenon "ischemic preconditioning". Also, it was reported that a few non-ischemic stimuli could provide cellular tolerance against major ischemia through a mechanism similar to ischemic preconditioning. In an animal study, 1 minimal alveolar concentration of volatile anesthetics - a clinically relevant concentration - was reported to have a protective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury, the effect being variable between types of anesthetics. Also, there were somm reports that intravenous anesthetics such as propofol could reduce IR injury by decreasing oxidative stress and apoptosis.
By reducing the ischemia/reperfusion injury of the grafted kidney, the morbidity and mortality related to renal transplantation can be reduced as well. The objective of this study is to find out whether, according to the type of anesthetics (Desflurane vs. Propofol), there is a difference in the protective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury of the grafted kidney in patients receiving renal transplantation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Healthy Kidney Donors and Their Recipients With End Stage Renal Disease
Severance hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine
Korea, Republic of
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:21-0400
Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced injury is known to be associated with immediate and long-term hepatic dysfunction after liver transplantation. Protecting the liver against I/R inj...
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Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.
The procedure established to evaluate the health status and risk factors of the potential DONORS of biological materials. Donors are selected based on the principles that their health will not be compromised in the process, and the donated materials, such as TISSUES or organs, are safe for reuse in the recipients.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
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