Prevention of Postpartum Smoking Relapse in Mothers of Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

2014-08-27 03:13:25 | BioPortfolio


The investigators hypothesized that an enriched focus on mother-infant bonding during a newborn's hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit would reduced the rate maternal postpartum smoking relapse and would prolong the duration of breastfeeding in mothers who had quit smoking during or just prior to pregnancy.


Mothers of newborns admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), who had quit smoking during or just prior to pregnancy where randomized to either the Standard of Care or Smoking Relapse Prevention group. Mothers in both groups were encouraged to remain smoke free following the birth of their babies and were given routine lactation support for breastfeeding during their babies' hospitalization in the NICU. Mothers in the Smoking Relapse Prevention group were also given the study intervention, which was enhanced support for maternal-infant bonding by providing information about their newborn's behaviors using books, DVDs, and handouts that were appropriate for their baby's gestational age and by encouraging frequent skin-to-skin holding.

Primary outcomes included duration of smoke-free status and duration of breastfeeding.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention




Smoking Relapse Prevention


Loma Linda University Children's Hospital
Loma Linda
United States


Active, not recruiting


Loma Linda University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:25-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

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