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A Study to Determine if There is a Possible Association Between Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION) and Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors

2014-08-27 03:13:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Study H6D-MC-LVHQ is an observational, non-interventional, multi-center, prospective, case-crossover study to evaluate the possible association between the use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors and the risk of acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) in males. Subjects with newly diagnosed NAION will be asked via a structured questionnaire about their use of PDE5 inhibitors and other risk factors prior to the onset of their vision loss.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Crossover, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Location

For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559)
Petaluma
California
United States
94954

Status

Recruiting

Source

Eli Lilly and Company

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:26-0400

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PubMed Articles [3626 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)

Dominant optic atrophy is a hereditary optic neuropathy causing decreased visual acuity, color vision deficits, a centrocecal scotoma, and optic nerve pallor (Hum. Genet. 1998; 102: 79-86). Mutations leading to this condition have been mapped to the OPA1 gene at chromosome 3q28-q29. OPA1 codes for a dynamin-related GTPase that localizes to mitochondria.

A group of slowly progressive inherited disorders affecting motor and sensory peripheral nerves. Subtypes include HMSNs I-VII. HMSN I and II both refer to CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE. HMSN III refers to hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy. HMSN IV refers to REFSUM DISEASE. HMSN V refers to a condition marked by a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with spastic paraplegia (see SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, HEREDITARY). HMSN VI refers to HMSN associated with an inherited optic atrophy (OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY), and HMSN VII refers to HMSN associated with retinitis pigmentosa. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)

Rapid swelling, increased tension, pain, and ischemic necrosis of the muscles of the anterior tibial compartment of the leg, often following excessive PHYSICAL EXERTION.

Atrophy of the optic disk which may be congenital or acquired. This condition indicates a deficiency in the number of nerve fibers which arise in the RETINA and converge to form the OPTIC DISK; OPTIC NERVE; OPTIC CHIASM; and optic tracts. GLAUCOMA; ISCHEMIA; inflammation, a chronic elevation of intracranial pressure, toxins, optic nerve compression, and inherited conditions (see OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY) are relatively common causes of this condition.

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