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Diabetes is highly prevalent in the elderly, afflicting about 20% of older adults aged 65-75 years and 40% of adults >80years of age. It is expected that the number of elderly people suffering from diabetes will increase in the future, as general life expectancy is increasing.
Nursing home residents with diabetes have higher rates of serious comorbidities and have greater activity of daily living dependencies than other residents without diabetes. In addition, persons with diabetes have higher risk of hypertension, heart disease, stroke depression, cognitive impairment, and cardiovascular mortality than individuals without diabetes.
There are a few retrospective studies in elderly patients analyzing quality of diabetes care and glycemic control adjusted for medications and presence of co-morbidities in long-term care facilities; however, no previous randomized controlled trials have demonstrated benefits of glycemic control on clinical outcome, quality of life, and rate of acute metabolic complications (hyperglycemia and hypoglycemic events) in long-term care facilities. In addition, it is not known whether the use of basal insulin is superior to treatment with sliding scale insulin (SSI) in long-term care facility residents with type 2 diabetes.
Accordingly, the investigators propose to conduct a prospective randomized control trial comparing the efficacy and safety of the basal (glargine) insulin regimen and sliding scale regular insulin in the management of nursing home patients with T2DM.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
BASAL PLUS INSULIN REGIMEN, sliding scale regular insulin (SSRI)
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:26-0400
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32 Week, Open, Randomized, 2 Way Cross Over Multicentre Trial to Compare Safety & Efficacy of Combination of HOE901 Insulin Analogue Once Daily at Bedtime + Lispro Insulin Before Meals vs NPH Insulin (Twice a Day) + Regular in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
To compare the efficacy (in terms of metabolic control evaluated through HbA1c levels) of treatment with insulin glargine as basal insulin and insulin analogue (insulin lispro) as mealtime...
Hyperglycemia is common during acute ischemic stroke. However, the optimal strategy to control hyperglycemia during acute ischemic stroke has not been established. The object of this multi...
Basal-bolus regimen is the best treatment for children with type 1 diabetes (T1D), but requires several insulin injections a day. In fact, the body's physical growth, the management of frequent snacks...
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cost effectiveness of rapid-acting analog insulin relative to regular human insulin in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Germany.
To assess the impact of duration of prior basal insulin therapy on study outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) or insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Gl...
Insulin allergy is a rare yet severe side effect of exogenous insulin use. Management typically involves use of alternative antihyperglycaemic agents, symptom control with antihistamines, use of diffe...
Basal-bolus therapy (BBT) refers to the combination of a long-acting basal insulin with a rapid-acting insulin at mealtimes. Basal insulin glargine 100 U/mL and prandial insulin lispro have been avail...
Regular insulin preparations that contain the SUS SCROFA insulin peptide sequence.
An insulin preparation that is designed to provide immediate and long term glycemic control in a single dosage. Biphasic insulin typically contains a mixture of REGULAR INSULIN or SHORT-ACTING INSULIN combined with a LONG-ACTING INSULIN.
Regular insulin preparations that contain the HUMAN insulin peptide sequence.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)