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Roux-and-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common forms of bariatric surgery; due to a reduction in size of the stomach and intestine, the available surface area for the absorption of oral drugs is strongly decreased. This may lead to a reduced bioavailability resulting in a reduced efficacy of the drug. However, in literature there is no information available about the impact of bariatric surgery on the pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin. This protocol evaluates the moxifloxacin plasma levels, the variability between subjects and the absolute bioavailability, after oral administration of 400 mg moxifloxacin in healthy volunteers who have had a gastric bypass at least 6 months ago and who now have a stable body weight.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
moxifloxacin per IV, moxifloxacin per os
University Hospital Ghent
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:26-0400
Fluoroquinolone is a one of the most important drugs for treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Among them, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin has been used most widely. However, there i...
In the Intensive Care (IC)-unit moxifloxacin treatment is often started with intravenous administrations. As moxifloxacin is known to have a high oral bioavailability in healthy volunteers...
This study is a local, prospective, open-label, company-sponsored, non interventional, multi-center study. Patients documented must suffer from a cIAI and take at least one dose of Moxiflo...
The primary focus of the study is the evaluation of the safety of treatment with moxifloxacin in a pediatric population 3 months to
The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics (how a drug is absorbed, distributed, and eliminated by the body) of moxifloxacin alone versus moxifloxacin given with rifape...
To investigate the diffusion of moxifloxacin through bandage contact lenses (BCLs) versus corneal collagen shields (CSs), the relative ability of BCLs and CSs to release moxifloxacin, and the potentia...
This study was designed to evaluate primarily the safety and also the efficacy of moxifloxacin (MXF) in children with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs).
To explore the variability in interleukin-12 (IL-12) secretion in human corneal fibroblasts (HCFs), the effects of IL-12 on HCF viability and migration, and the effects of recombinant human transformi...
Twelve novel substituted isatin-propylene-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-methylene-moxifloxacin hybrids 5a-l were designed, synthesized and screened for their in vitro anti-mycobacterial activities against drug...
Effects of moxifloxacin on QTc as well as proarrhythmic surrogate markers including J-Tc, T-Tand short-term variability (STV) of repolarization were examined by using both standard E14 time-based eval...
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...