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This randomized controlled trial evaluates efficacy of combined prolonged exposure (PE) and the SSRI paroxetine in the treatment of survivors of the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medication is often recommended in combination with cognitive behavioral therapies for PTSD, but combined initial treatment of PTSD has not been studied under controlled conditions. Also, there are few studies of either treatment in survivors of terrorism. This randomized controlled trial evaluates efficacy of combined prolonged exposure (PE) and the SSRI paroxetine in the treatment of survivors of the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Paroxetine, Prolonged Exposure Therapy
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:27-0400
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A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)
An idiopathic vascular disorder characterized by bilateral Raynaud phenomenon, the abrupt onset of digital paleness or CYANOSIS in response to cold exposure or stress.
A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
Treatment to improve one's health condition by using techniques that can reduce PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS; or both.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
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