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Acute low back pain is a common cause for emergency department visits. Controversy remains regarding the optimal medication for acute low back pain relief. The investigators hypothesized that administration of pharmacological anxiolysis in addition to analgesia will improve pain relief and patient management in the emergency department.
Acute low back pain is a common problem in the emergency department and pain relief is usually the first step in patients' management. Numerous medication options are available for acute LBP relief,each class of medication has its associated benefits and harms.Controversy remains regarding the optimal analgesic treatment.Anxiety has been found to be a predictive factor of pain intensity in patients with acute low back pain and anxiolysis by non-pharmacological measures has been shown to have a positive effect on pain management in the ED setting.
Promethazine is a first-generation H1 receptor antagonist of the phenothiazine chemical class used commonly as an antihistamine antiemetic. It has a strong anxiolytic-sedative effect and its safety and efficacy in managing anxiety related to medical procedures is well documented.It may be reasonable to assume that pharmacological anxiolysis with promethazine may assist in alleviation of acute pain in the strenuous environment of the ED.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Low Back Pain
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
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Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:59-0400
RATIONALE: Morphine helps to relieve the pain associated with cancer surgery. Giving morphine in different ways may offer more pain relief. PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is stud...
The study is prospective, double blinded, randomised controlled and has the purpose to compare the analgesic effects of ketorolac or morphine intravenous in low back pain.
This study aims to compare the effect of spinal morphine between the dose 0.05 mg and 0.1 mg on the amount of morphine during the first 24 hours postoperative.
RATIONALE: Morphine that is inhaled may be more rapidly absorbed than morphine that is given by mouth. It is not yet known if inhaled morphine is more effective than morphine given by mout...
This is a randomized Phase II study testing the effectiveness of the combination of morphine and methadone versus morphine alone in relieving pain. A second goal is to further evaluate any...
This placebo-controlled randomized double-blinded clinical study assessed the analgesic efficacy of intramuscular morphine in TMD patients with myofascial pain and sex dependent responses of the morph...
Within this case report we describe and discuss the treatment of a patient with chronic low back pain complaining about severe pain, reduced functionality and symptoms of depression, who was treated w...
This study attempted to evaluate the efficacy of ultra-low-dose intravenous (IV) naloxone combined with IV morphine, as compared to IV morphine alone, in terms of reducing pain and morphine-induced si...
The association with opioid-abusing individuals or even the perception of opioid abuse by peers are risk factors for the initiation and escalation of abuse. Similarly, we demonstrated that morphine-tr...
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.
An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon morphine.
Analogs or derivatives of morphine.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...